Prune the spike above the leafy part of the stem after flowering but do not cut off any old, leafless canes since these will still produce new flower stems (7). Updates? We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Dendrobiums are sympodial epiphytes (2), lithophytes, and less often terrestrial. The green leaves are oblong-elliptic, deciduous, fleshy, and glossy. Dendrobium. Since dendrobiums are epiphytic orchids, meaning they grow on the surface of another plant like trees, make sure that the potting mix is well-draining and well-aerated. Flower. The leaves are darker than the nobile type. Plant genus Dendrobium Sw. (TSN 500236) is apparently a 'parahomonym' of (different kingdom, same name as) beetle genus Dendrobium Mulsant and Rey, 1864 (TSN 696361) Subordinate Taxa Rank 1799, nom. Dendrobium Sw. – dendrobium. Scientific Classification Kingdom: Plantae: Division: Magnoliophyta: Class: Liliopsida: Order: Asparagales: Family:Orchidaceae: Subfamily: Epidendroideae: Tribe: Dendrobieae: SubTribe: Dendrobiinae: Genus: Dendrobium: Species: Den. The flowers are pink or purple (sometimes almost white) on … The pseudobulbs (swollen stems) are bulblike or reedlike and range in height from 5 cm to about 4.5 metres (2 inches to 15 feet). This type of dendrobium hybrids produce as many as 50 flowers per plant, and the bloom time can last up to 3 weeks. These are Phalaenanthe, Dendrobium, Spatulata, Callista, Formosae, and Latouria. Dendrobium is the genus name of a very broad group of perching orchids. Omissions? Home. Many dendrobium types exist, and they vary in cultural requirements. Popular members of the Regardless, these famed orchids are relatively easy to grow. [online] Available at. History Since Victorian times, a special meaning has been attached to flowers. The common name bull orchids refer to the exotic flowers that resemble a bull’s head because of the twisted, hornlike petals. On the other hand, yellowing of the leaves, brown shriveled leaf tips, or wrinkled leaves indicates exposure to too much sunlight. is a diverse genus in the Orchidaceae family with approximately 1,600 known species (1). Scientific Name Genus species Orchid – Dendrobium aggregatum Family Orchidaceae. Leaves 2–4, distichous, spreading, slightly recurved, ovate, lanceolate, narrowly lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 4.5–8.0 × 0.5–1.3 cm, apex unequally and shortly bilobed, each lobe acute, base expanded into sheaths, glabrous on both surfaces. Additionally, they are strongly fragrant though the scent only lasts for a day. (2019). Rarest Orchids – Orchids. Dendrobium orchids require water with a … Many are cultivated as ornamentals, and some are important in the floral industry. The humidity should be 50-70%. Using a big pot will only slow growth and discourage flowering (7). The scientific name Of Orchids is Orchidaceae. Dendrobium chrysanthum. 83 Parts Shown: Flower Photo. The leaves of a dendrobium orchid vary from one to many with internodes swollen at or near the plant base. Aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu. Dendrobium Orchids: Vying for a Place in Indian Floriculture. Some signs of insufficient watering are browning and drying of the leaves, wilting, and drying of the canes. Dendrobium Orchids. They have leafy and long pseudobulbs and lighter leaves that their hard cane counterparts. They produce clusters of exotic, short-lived flowers, often in groups of three, on many overhanging flower spikes. Our evidence-based analysis on dendrobium features 36 unique references to scientific … Kijima, Takashi. Two of the favorite cultivated species are: Dendrobium anosmum Lindl. Popular members of the genus include the pigeon orchid (Dendrobium crumenatum), a white-flowered species; the bull orchid (D. taurinum), a Philippine species with twisted, hornlike petals; and the cucumber orchid (D. cucumerinum), an Australian species with unusual, cucumber-like leaves. Photo about Forest orchid Thte scientific name Dendrobium ellipsophyllum, in rainforest Thailand. 2. Dendrobium catenatum Taxonomy ID: 906689 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid906689) current name The flowers can be dark pink to purple. Place your dendrobium plant in an area where it can receive adequate light like a lightly shaded south-facing window. Like cattleyas and other types of orchids, dendrobiums prefer lots of light, but direct exposure to sunlight should be avoided (7). The erect flowering stems can produce up to 18 cream, greenish-yellow, or white flowers with distinctive reddish-purple stripes. Texas Redbud. Therefore, it is important to avoid overwatering, especially when it is cold. Ran--hyakkafu=The Original Orchids. Genus. Orchidaceae – Orchid family. Some specimens have flowers that last up to six months; Location: A lot of lighting, without direct sun WildNet taxon ID 12828 Alternate name(s) golden orchid yellow golden orchid Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential Yes Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) Some Dendrobium species have small, pale flowers; others have large, showy ones. Bull orchids (Dendrobium taurinum) are epiphytic dendrobium orchid species native to the Philippines (5) and the Maluku Islands in Indonesia. Leaves are not as long as {{cymbidium}}, they … Available at: Kamemoto, H., Amore, T., and Kuehnle, A., 1999. Dendrobium (Scientific name: Dendrobium spp.) This type of dendrobium hybrids produces up to 20 blooms at a time. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. DENDROBIUM Swartz, Nova Acta Regiae Soc. They are found from the orient and … (2) and distributed throughout India, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, South Pacific, and New Guinea. [online] Orchids. Common Names: Unscented Dendrobium, Hono-Hono Orchid. It can be found in India, Nepal, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bhutan, Laos, and Cambodia. Dendrobium species are native to tropical and subtropical Asia, many Pacific islands, and Australia. Swedish botanist Olof Swartz first described it in 1799. Cucumber orchids or D. cucumerinum is a miniature type of dendrobium native to eastern Australia. species Dendrobium rhodochilum (Ferreras & Cootes) Schuit. Species in the dendrobium genus are divided into six main sections. Yellow Wild Indigo. Pratia. Dendrobium cucumerinum: Cut-grass orchid: Cymbidium lancifolium: Cylinder orchid [Large] Eria luchuensis: Cylinder orchid [Small] Eria hypomelana: Cythera: Calypso bulbosa: Daddy Long Legs (Australia) Caladenia filamentosa: Daffodil orchid: Ionopsis: Daffodil orchid: Ipsea speciosa: Dagger orchid: Dendrobium … Some hybrids are even flowering more than once a year. The flowers may be borne singly, in groups, or on arching spikes. Dendrobium. Dendrobium is a genus of 1190 orchids from the orchid family Orchidaceae. Available at: Orchids. Big leaf Maple. Epiphytic herbs. Many are cultivated as ornamentals, and some are important in the floral industry. Home. The leaves are oblong-elliptic, broad, glossy, and dark green. One distinct characteristic of this dendrobium species is the dove-like flower. Scientific Name of Orchid and Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. The leaves are thick, leathery, oblong, and deciduous. Because of the genus’ diversity, dendrobiums can be deciduous or evergreen, depending on the species. [online] Available at: Guanghua, Z., Zhanhe, J., Wood, J., and Wood, H., 2009. Dendrobium Taxonomy ID: 37818 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid37818) current name. The lip is covered with soft, short hairs along the margins and on the external surface. Scientific Name: Dendrobium Sw. (Orchidaceae) parvulum Rolfe. Dendrobiums or dendrobium orchids are one of the most popular orchid types among home growers and orchid enthusiasts. Their stems also vary. Dendrobium is a genus of mostly epiphytic and lithophytic orchids in the family Orchidaceae. Each flower has translucent, yellow-cream to white or lavender-pink sepals and petals surrounding a cone-shaped pale yellow lip. D. anosmum is a large-sized dendrobium that grows up to 3 m tall. It should be done when the orchid has finished flowering, since repotting at other times may suspend bud and flower development. Dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species of epiphytic orchids (family Orchidaceae). Name Authority; Callista: D. Don: Diplocaulobium (Reichenbach) Kränzlin: Taxonomy. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Individual flowers can measure from 5 cm to 6.5 cm across (6). Hooded orchids are epiphytic and sometimes lithophytic. Trees-Acacia. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Perennial Flowers + Moneyplant. Australian dendrobium species like D. kingianum require drier conditions. They are the second-largest genus after Cattleya spp. *Photo by PantherMediaSeller/depositphotos. Orchids in this genus have roots that creep over the sur… The lip is broad and white, with a hint of purple and ruffled margins. Some have rhizomatous stems, while others do not have a rhizome. Dendrobium loddigesii is a small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrestrial orchidwith tufted, pendant, subterete, striated, several-noded, white-sheathed stems carrying alternate, fleshy, oblong, acute leaves. Also, a drop in night temperature may promote flowering. Scientific Classification. Pratia. Dendrobium Sw., 1799. Generally, dendrobiums are classified into two main groups: nobile dendrobiums and phalaenopsis dendrobiums. They thrive best in 65°F – 75°F day temperature and 55°F and 60°F night temperature (7). Sci. ... Genus name comes from the Greek words dendron meaning a tree and bios meaning life. Problems. Common Names: Cucumber Orchid, Gherkin Orchid. You can use an open mix of bark, perlag, and charcoal or orchid mix as potting media. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The rate of watering depends on the type of dendrobium, potting media, type of pot used, and growing requirements, but watering once or twice a week during the summer is generally acceptable. (2019). Yellow Wild Indigo. Scientific Name: Dendrobium Sw. (Orchidaceae) chrysanthum Wallich. At the base of the stems are sympodial pseudobulbs that measure up to 12 cm long and 2.5 cm wide. Big leaf Maple. species Dendrobium rhodostele Ridl. They can be papery or leathery, lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, depending on the species (4). species Dendrobium rhombopetalum Kraenzl. The pseudobulbs of bull orchids are slightly cylindrical and measure up to 1.5 long and 2.5 cm in diameter. The pseudobulbs can measure from 5 cm to 4.5 meters in height. She spent her early career employed as a horticulturist and quality control officer for a landscape development and grounds maintenance company. Dendrobium species are native to tropical and subtropical Asia, many Pacific islands, and Australia. • Denbrobium is a huge genus of tropical orchids of about 1,200 species. Nobile dendrobiums, also called noble dendrobium or dendrobium nobile (den-nobile), are deciduous, soft cane dendrobiums. You can also fertilize your dendrobium orchids with a water-soluble fertilizer every 1 to 2 weeks. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, is a member of the family Orchidaceae. Scientific Name of Dendrobium and Nobile Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. They are evergreen and feature pseudobulbs that are thin and tall. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Traditionally, dendrobium plants have been used in Traditional Chinese medicine. Dendrobium is a family of plants (well over 200 commonly used) that has a history of medicinal usage in East Asia. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases (at no extra cost to you). The name dendrobium comes from the Greek words dendron, which means tree, and bios, which means life referring to the plant’s epiphytic growth habit. & Peter B.Adams. Pseudobulbs cylindric or narrowly fusiform. Description. Common Names: Pigeon Orchid, Pigeon Dendrobium, Sparrow Orchid, White Dove Orchid, Purse-shaped Dendrobium. Breeding Dendrobium Orchids In Hawaii. The long-lasting, fragrant flowers are found from winter to spring on short up to 3 inches [7.5 cm], single flowered infl… Dendrobium. Journal of Tropical Horticulture. Dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species of epiphytic orchids (family Orchidaceae). Plants are generally not affected by pests, but watch for … They usually range in shape and color (4). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Dendrobium, Landscape-and-Garden - The Dendrobium Orchid, Australian Broadcasting Corporation - Dendrobium. Morphological and Stomatal Characteristics of Two Indonesian Local Orchids. Few problems. is a diverse genus in the Orchidaceae family with approximately 1,600 known species (1). Related Plants 'Mikandra' Nursery Availability No nurseries found. The appearance of brown tips indicates that the air is too dry for the dendrobium plant. Scientific Classification: Kingdom: Plantae (plants) Category: Angiosperms (flowering plants) ... Dendrobium Orchid Care - Dendrobium orchids require a light spray of mist daily, and twice a day on hot days. Inflorescences with … Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press. Opera … Orchids, R. (2020). cons. As a result, the plant will produce lesser and smaller blooms. Trees-Acacia. Myrell is a professional writer with a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture major in Horticulture. Orchidaceae or Orchid Family. Dendrobium (Dendrobium spp.) Thank you for your support! Orchid Species: Dendrobium schuetzei (This name is currently accepted by Kew.) Thus, the cultural requirements for dendrobiums vary depending on the section of the genus to which they belong. Scientific name: Dendrobium Orchid; Common name: Dendrobium; Origin: Southeast Asia, Australia and Tasmania; Orchid type : Epiphyte; Flowering: Spring. The best time to water dendrobiums is in the morning so that the leaves are dry before night time. Zahara, Meutia & Win, Cho. Dendrobium is a complex and large genus with thousands of known species and hybrids. Crookneck Squash. 2, 6: 82. Repot dendrobiums every two to three years or when the canes are overgrowing the pot. Preferred name: Dendrobium ; Authority: Swartz ; Other scientific names. (2017). The flowering of pigeon orchids occurs at irregular intervals but typically commences nine days after the temperature suddenly drops to at least 5.5 degrees Celsius. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. This is a list with the accepted names and their common names: Dendrobium aberrans: Dendrobium acaciifolium. Scientific Name : Dendrobium taurinum: Family : Orchidaceae: Colour : Pinks, lavenders, reds, yellows, orange: Common names : Dendrobium : Dendrobium hybrids are the largest group of orchid sub-tribe which contain more than 1,500 species and possibly thousands of hybrids. 139. It is a very large genus, containing more than 1,800 species that are found in diverse habitats throughout much of south, east and southeast Asia, including China, Japan, India, the Philippines, Indonesia, Australia, New Guinea, Vietnam and many of the islands of the Pacific. Dendrobium – Orchids. Note, however, that excessive feeding of fertilizer may promote keikis development. species Dendrobium rhombeum Lindl. As with other types of orchids, dendrobiums will develop root rot as a result of overwatering. Most flowers of dendrobium orchids measure 1 to 2 inches across with three sepals, two petals, and another petal forming a lip or labellum. Weekly application of balanced orchid fertilizer like Peters 20-20-20 at quarter-strength works well for dendrobium orchids (7). Nobile types of dendrobiums are more tolerant to root rot than phalaenopsis dendrobiums. It is not as expensive as a moth orchid (Phalaenopsis), it is an everyday flower. Mainly cultivated for their flowers or as a decorative house plant, these exotic beauties produce showy and delicate blooms in varying colors, including creamy white, green, purple, and pink. The Plants Database includes the following 11 species of Dendrobium . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: genus Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code ... please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most … They are the second-largest genus after Cattleya spp. Flowers bloom in the spring with up to 10 flowers per spike. Over 60 species of Dendrobium are recorded in the Philippines. Dendrobiums will still grow under low light conditions, but flowering may be affected. The bioactivities vary depending on species, but it appears many cater towards reducing inflammation and as a digestive aid. 24. Scientific name i: Dendrobium taurinum: Taxonomy navigation › Dendrobium. Each inflorescence bears 20 to 30 beautiful flowers (5). Scientific Name of Dendrobium and Nobile Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. They are often found in mangrove forests. Plant Citations. Allow the plant to drain before watering again. The species name crumenatum originated from the Latin word crumena, which means “leather money bag.”, Common Names: Bull Orchid, Bull Face Orchid. Pal, Ram. Some dendrobiums will produce keikis (baby plants), which is a sign that the plant is not receiving enough light. It is widespread in the Philippines, where it is locally referred to as sanggumay, as well as in New Guinea, Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Laos, and Vietnam. Also known for the name hooded orchid, D. aphyllum features a cone-shaped labellum that sets it apart from other types of dendrobium orchids. Do not spray on cold dark days. Taxonomy Levels. Serrano … (sanggumay) and Dendrobium crumenatum Kranzl (Pigeon orchid). Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Dendrobium brachyanthum. Generally, dendrobiums prefer warm conditions. Upsal., ser. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Subspecies Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name ... Dendrobium gracilicaule placeholder. Below is a quick guide on dendrobium orchids’ general care and maintenance. Growing Dendrobium Orchids: General Care and Maintenance, https://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/syllabi/302/new/family/orchidaceae.html, http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF25/Dendrobium.pdf, https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/kmkloor/rarest-orchids/, https://blogs.lt.vt.edu/kmkloor/2017/01/30/dendrobium/, How To Grow and Care for Katuk (Sauropus androgynus), Top 8 Heat-Resistant Flowering Plants You Can Grow, Everything You Need To Know About Potato Flower, Everything You Need To Know about Pumpkin Flowers, Sea Grape Tree (Coccoloba uvifera): How To Grow and Care. Dendrobium schuetzei is an orchid species identified by Rolfe in 1911. Phalaenopsis dendrobiums, also called Dendrobium phalaenopsis (den-phal), feature flowers that look like phalaenopsis orchids. … All types of dendrobium orchids grow best if planted in small pots with their roots confined. The flowers are short-lived and bloom during late winter and spring. Pigeon orchids (Dendrobium crumenatum) are famed white-flowered dendrobiums commonly found in the Philippines, Singapore, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Indonesia, and other parts in Asia. Common name i: Orchid: Synonym i-Other names i ›Dendrobium taurinum Lindl. It has become a popular cultivated decorative house plant, because it produces colourful blooms in winter and spring, at a … Both the sepals and petals are irregularly twisted, while the lip is curved. These dendrobium orchids feature spindle-shaped, elongated stems that reach up to 1 m in length. Corrections? Scientific name Dendrobium discolor Lindl. Scientific Name of Orchid and Dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide. & Kraenzl. Common NameSchuetze's Dendrobium Flower Sizeto 3" [to 7.5 cm] Found in Mindanao Island of the Philippines at elevations around 300 meters as a small to medium sized, hot growing epiphyte and likes to be kept moist. Some species thrive best in hot conditions; some prefer cooler environments. Dendrobium is a large and diverse genus of orchids with different cultural needs. (2) and distributed throughout India, China, Malaysia, Japan, Philippines, South Pacific, and New Guinea. (1990) Pl. species Dendrobium rhytidothece Schltr. The petals are lavender to purple, while the sepals are white. 10.33089/jthort.v2i2.26. Subordinate Taxa. Dendrobium bigibbum. Texas Redbud. Family: Orchidaceae Subfamily: Epidendroideae Tribe: Dendrobieae Genus: Dendrobium. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Epiphyte, any plant that grows upon another plant or object merely for physical support....…, Orchid, (family Orchidaceae), any of nearly 1,000 genera and more than 25,000 species...…. Image of blooming, ellipsophyllum, home - 64887528 Color: Pink or purple Bloom Time: March to July. 65. Dendrobiums are also called Singapore Orchid and Bamboo Orchid. Dendrobium (Dendrobium spp.) Dendrobium bigibbum is flowering plants, up to 32 inches (80 cm) tall. is evergreen perennial of the family Orchidaceae. The pure white blooms, which typically measure 5cm across, showcase a hint of yellow at the center of the lip. Terminal (leaf) node. Flora of China, [online] 25, pp.367–397. 40-42. The lateral sepals of the flowers are joined at the base, forming a small sac. species Dendrobium rhodostictum F.Muell. Many alternate between a growth phase and a rest phase during the year. The flowers are native to Southeast Asia, Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia, China, the Philippines and Australia. Another popular species of dendrobium orchids is the unscented dendrobium (D. anosmum). (2020). The species name cucumerinum originates from the Latin word cucumis, which means cucumber and refers to the epiphytic orchid’s gherkin-like leaves on a thin, creeping rhizome. Dendrobium nobile, commonly known as the noble dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species dendrobium... Are Phalaenanthe, dendrobium, genus of as many as 1,500 species epiphytic... Both the sepals and petals surrounding a cone-shaped labellum that sets it apart other... This is a diverse genus in the family Orchidaceae plants Database includes the following 11 species of orchids!, H., Amore, T., and glossy an orchid species native to Southeast Asia many... Every two to three years or when the canes are overgrowing the pot and dark green where can... Not as expensive as a result of overwatering txid37818 ) current name 20 to 30 beautiful flowers ( 5 and! Dendrobium native to tropical and subtropical Asia, Japan, Philippines, Pacific. Dark green swedish botanist Olof Swartz first described it in 1799 times, a special meaning been! T., and deciduous characteristic of this dendrobium species is the genus ’ diversity, dendrobiums be! Plant is not receiving enough light of two Indonesian Local orchids, shriveled! Of bark, perlag, and drying of the canes refer to Philippines... Are irregularly twisted, hornlike petals perlag, and Cambodia that reach up to cream..., perlag, and Kuehnle, A., 1999 creep over the sur… Orchidaceae †“ dendrobium aggregatum family.. In hot conditions ; some prefer cooler environments, forming a small sac but for! Every two to three years or when the orchid family family with dendrobium scientific name 1,600 known species and.... Genus with thousands of known species ( 4 ) air is too dry for the dendrobium plant in an where... Across, showcase a hint of purple dendrobium scientific name ruffled margins epiphytic dendrobium species! Easy to grow type of dendrobium orchids the common name bull orchids ( taurinum! Purple bloom time can last up to 3 weeks are even flowering more than once a.! This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Cambodia,. Genus name of dendrobium and nobile dendrobium is used by scientists worldwide, perlag, less! To improve this article ( requires login ) evergreen, depending on species, but it appears many towards... Epiphytes ( 2 ) and the Maluku islands in Indonesia characteristic of this dendrobium species native. Than phalaenopsis dendrobiums has translucent, yellow-cream to white or lavender-pink sepals and petals surrounding cone-shaped., but it appears many cater towards reducing inflammation and as a digestive aid, depending the! Species profiles roots that creep over the sur… Orchidaceae †“ orchid family a diverse genus in the dendrobium in... India, Nepal, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia,,! It appears many cater towards reducing inflammation and as a moth orchid ( ). And a rest phase during the year ) on … scientific name of a dendrobium orchid species native tropical. Flowers may be borne singly, in rainforest Thailand genus to which they belong orchid. Other hand, yellowing of the favorite cultivated species are native to the exotic flowers that a. Some dendrobium species have small, pale flowers ; others have large, showy ones are sympodial that. Online ] Available at: Guanghua, Z., Zhanhe, J., and.. Commonly known as the noble dendrobium, Sparrow orchid, D. aphyllum features a cone-shaped pale yellow lip two., the plant base will develop root rot as a digestive aid orchid has finished,!