With climate change, agricultural production and food security is likely to face one of the biggest challenges of the twenty-first century. However, farming has been constrained by the mountainous topography and rapid changes in environmental variabilities. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. Our quality of living will increase considerably through ongoing studies and research on agriculture. Good genetics plus the ability to manipulate and optimize the plant’s environment generally result in the highest yields. Yield is influenced by climate and temperature, plant and water management, and soil nutrient management factors. Increased food production cannot be achieved without increased fertilizer inputs. Hence, when a country focuses on making advancements in the agricultural sector, it is, in turn, contributing to its own economic development by starting to address the problems at the root level. The country arguably has the most agricultural opportunity in the world, but institutional reform and significant investments in agriculture and rural infrastructure will be needed to realize it. Indoor vertical farming can be defined as the practice of growing produce stacked one above another in a closed and controlled environment. Indoor vertical farming can increase crop yields, overcome limited land area, and even reduce farming’s impact on the environment by cutting down distance traveled in the supply chain. These inputs have helped to keep world crop productivity in step with human population growth and have … The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. Giving significance to the issues at the base level can help to cut down the obstacles in the later stages, and also boost income for an economy. Agricultural advancement is necessary for improving the supply of raw materials for the agro-based industries especially in developing countries. We may confidently assume that agricultural research still has a long way to go as scientists continue to discover new methods to increase crop and livestock yields, increase overall food quality and minimize losses due to insects and diseases. In other words, climate change has the potential to threaten both our food supply and farmers’ livelihoods. With this “climate change threat” to agriculture, a key challenge to agricultural science is to further understand the nature of how climate change adversely affects the yields of various crops worldwide. The shortage of agricultural goods has its impact upon industrial production and a consequent increase in the general price level. It will impede the growth of the country’s economy. Agricultural advancement is necessary for improving the supply of raw materials for the agro-based industries especially in our developing country. "As a result of implementation of various crop development schems/programmes, the production and productivity of most of the agricultural crops have increased," he said. The shortage of agricultural goods has its impact upon on industrial production and a consequent increase in the general price level. The Himalayan country of Bhutan is typically an agrarian country with about 57% of the people depending on agriculture. It will impede the growth of the country’s economy. The author argues “Intensive high-yield agriculture is dependent on fertilizer additions. Farmers consistently attempt to increase crop yields but may not know which factors are important. Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. 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