To facilitate border trade with Bangladesh, Border Trade Centres have been developed at Sutarkandi and Mankachar. Muslim majority districts in Assam up; SC stays all proceedings against Italian marines; Amazon SMB Impact Report 2020: Over 10 lakh … The earliest settlers were Austric, Dravidian followed by Tibeto-Burman, Indo-Aryan, and Tai–Kadai people. 79 (69%) identify themselves regionally, 22 (19%) locally, and 3 trans-nationally. The districts are Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta, Morigaon, Nagaon, Karimganj, Hailakandi, Darrang and Bongaigaon. In 2020 telde de staat naar schatting 35,6 miljoen inwoners. The decisive victory of the Assamese led by general Lachit Borphukan on the Mughals, then under command of Raja Ram Singha, in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671 almost ended Mughal ambitions in this region. Education Minister Dr Himanta Biswa … Last Updated: 1st December, 2020 09:31 IST Assam Plans Law For 'transparency In Marriage'; Will Mandate Religion & Income declaration The BJP-led govt in Assam has started drafting new legislation that will require the bride and groom to declare their religion and income in … [153] According to the recent estimates,[154] Assam's per capita GDP is ₹6,157 at constant prices (1993–94) and ₹10,198 at current prices; almost 40% lower than that in India. It would be inclusive of all religions and would empower our sisters by bringing transparency…One will have to disclose not only religion, but earning source. The various Bengali dialects and closely related languages are spoken by around 9 million people in Assam, and the portion of the population that speaks these languages has grown slightly. Assam has seen rapid change in religious demography, since the beginning of the twentieth century. Jasper Hamann-Dec 31, 2020… [54] Guwahati is also referred to as the "Gateway to the North-East India". Hindi dailies include Purvanchal Prahari, Pratah Khabar and Dainik Purvoday. Assamese (Ôxômiya) is a rich language due to its hybrid nature and unique characteristics of pronunciation and softness. There is a high degree of bilingualism. The Koch, another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, established sovereignty in c. 1510 CE. [citation needed], Typically, an Assamese meal consists of many things such as bhat (rice) with dayl/ daly (lentils), masor jool (fish stew), mangxô (meat stew) and stir fried greens or herbs and vegetables. Fearful of greater government interference, the tea growers formed the Indian Tea Association in 1888 to lobby to retain the status quo. He said, the first countrywide celebration of 'Lachit Divas' would take place in New Delhi followed by state capitals such as Hyderabad, Bangalore and Kolkata in a phased manner. The state contains Sal tree forests and forest products, much depleted from earlier times. Thekar, in the Karbi language has the largest circulation of any daily from Karbi Anglong district. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Assam state. [206][207] Hajo and Sarthebari (Sorthebaary) are the most important centres of traditional bell-metal and brass crafts. The number of Assamese Hindus in this state is 11,379,000, containing 36.50% of the state’s population at 2011 assessment. Assam has been a major site of migration since the Partition of the subcontinent, with the first wave being composed largely of Hindu Bengali refugees arrriving during and shortly after the establishment of India and Pakistan (current day Bangladesh was originally part of Pakistan, known as East Pakistan) in 1947-1951. Threatened species that are extinct in Assam include the gharial, a critically endangered fish-eating crocodilian, and the pink-headed duck (which may be extinct worldwide). It is also one of the world's most populous subdivisions. [160], Unemployment is one of the major problems in Assam. Localised forms of the language still exist in Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. [citation needed], According to the 2011 census, 61.47% were Hindus, 34.22% were Muslims. Religious minority-dominated districts like Dhubri, Goalpara, Barpeta, Morigaon, Nagaon, and Hailakandi, recorded growth rates ranging from 20 per cent to 24 per cent during the last decade. Assam Population 2020: Gender Ratio, Census 2021, Literacy Rate details and information given here. There are 198 High Madrasa schools under the Secondary Education Board Assam (SEBA), and another 542 such institutions under the Assam Higher Secondary Education Council (AHSEC), including four Arabic colleges, 138 senior madrasas and 230 … Cane and bamboo craft provide the most commonly used utilities in daily life, ranging from household utilities, weaving accessories, fishing accessories, furniture, musical instruments, construction materials, etc. Assam population in 2021 is estimated to be 36 Million (3.6 Crores), As per Unique Identification India data, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 35,607,039. Islam is the second largest religion in Assam. Moreover, there are other important traditional festivals being celebrated every year on different occasions at different places. The religion of ancient Assam was quite different. Formation of Goalpara Municipality, 1875. The Religion of Ancient Assam. The Dimasa people celebrate their festival by playing musical instruments- khram (a type of drum), muri (a kind of huge long flute). Religion. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate of Assam is 2.3. [citation needed], The food is often served in bell metal dishes and platters like Kanhi, Maihang and so on. The Tamulpan-tradition is an ancient one and is being followed since time-immemorial with roots in the aboriginal Austric culture. Ahoms ruled for nearly 600 years (1228–1826 CE) with major expansions in the early 16th century at the cost of Chutia and Dimasa Kachari kingdoms. Category: Legal & Constitution Current Affairs. In the reign of the Varman king, Bhaskaravarman (c. 600–650 CE), the Chinese traveller Xuanzang visited the region and recorded his travels. assamica. Asia's first refinery was set up at Digboi and discoverer of Digboi oilfield was the Assam Railways & Trading Company Limited (AR&T Co. Ltd.), a registered company of London in 1881. It has its own variety, Camellia sinensis var. Assam Province was one among the major eight provinces of British India. Some deaths are attributed to the floods. Against the … In 2020 a series of violent lynchings occurred in the region. According to recent analysis, Assam's economy is showing signs of improvement. In the 1980s the Brahmaputra valley saw a six-year Assam Agitation[51] triggered by the discovery of a sudden rise in registered voters on electoral rolls. Formation of Golaghat Municipality, 1920. Sal tree forests are found in the state which, as a result of abundant rainfall, look green all year round. [69] The recently established Kaziranga National Orchid and Biodiversity Park boasts more than 500 of the estimated 1,314 orchid species found in India. Problems with the imported Han Chinese labourers from China and hostility from native Assamese resulted in the migration of forced labourers from central and eastern parts of India. Baisagu is a Boro word which originated from the word "Baisa" which means year or age, and "Agu" that means starting or start. Dec 14, 2020, 09:20 AM IST Latest Videos Sarbananda Sonowal, the chief minister of Assam took part in the Lachit Divas celebration at the statue of Lachit Borphukan at Brahmaputra riverfront on 24 November 2017. Nepali is included by Assam State Secondary Board, Assam Higher Secondary Education Council and Gauhati University in their HSLC, higher secondary and graduation level respectively. and is expected to reach 34.18  million by 2021 and 35.60 million by 2026. The day before the each bihu is known as 'uruka'. This 1850 engraving shows the different stages in the process of making tea in Assam. [121][118] Since 2010, the Indian Government has undertaken the updating of the National Register of Citizens for Assam, and in 2018 the 32.2 million residents of Assam were subject to a review of their citizenship. [158] In the Sixth Plan period, Assam experienced a negative growth rate of 3.78% when India's was positive at 6%. The state has further more six statutory autonomous council – Tiwashong Autonomous Council, Jagiroad for ethnic Tiwa Kachari also known as Lalung, Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council, Dudhnoi for ethnic Rabha Kachari, Mishing Autonomous Council, Dhemaji for Mishings a Tani Tribe, Sonowal Kachari Autonomous Council, Dibrugarh, Thengal Kachari Autonomous Council, Titabar and Deori Autonomous Council, Lakhimpur for ethnic Deori Kachari. There are several other industries, including a chemical fertiliser plant at Namrup, petrochemical industries in Namrup and Bongaigaon, paper mills at Jagiroad, Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. The rebellion was suppressed but the kingdom was severely weakened by the civil war. [53][56] The climate is characterised by heavy monsoon downpours reducing summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons. Assam is remarkably rich in Orchid species and the Foxtail orchid is the state flower of Assam. Assam has four oil refineries in Digboi (Asia's first and world's second refinery), Guwahati, Bongaigaon and Numaligarh and with a total capacity of 7 million metric tonnes (7.7 million short tons) per annum. The Kaziranga is a refuge for the fast-disappearing Indian one-horned rhinoceros. [57][58] Every year, flooding from the Brahmaputra and other rivers deluges places in Assam. [116][117] During the Assam Movement (1979–1985), the All Assam Students Union (AASU) and others demanded that government stop the influx of immigrants and deport those who had already settled. On the other hand, after having strong domestic demand, and with 1.5 million hectares of inland water bodies, numerous rivers and 165 varieties of fishes,[172] fishing is still in its traditional form and production is not self-sufficient. The presence of Voiceless velar fricative in Assamese makes it a unique among other similar Indo-Aryan languages. Symbolism is an ancient cultural practice in Assam and is still a very important part of the Assamese way of life. Assam has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the pygmy hog, tiger and numerous species of birds, and it provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The language was standardised by American Baptist Missionaries such as Nathan Brown, Dr. According to the 2011 census, the population of Assam is roughly 31,205,576 out of which there were 10,679,345 Muslims in the Indian state of Assam, forming over 34.22% of its population. Assam has been a major site of migration since the Partition of the subcontinent, with the first wave being composed largely of Hindu Bengali refugees arrriving during and shortly after the establishment of India and Pakistan (current day Bangladesh was originally part of Pakistan, known as East Pakistan) in 1947-1951. January 10, 2021. It was at its zenith during the reign of Sukhrungphaa or Sworgodeu Rudra Sinha (c. 1696–1714 CE). [163][164], Reduction of the unemployed has been threatened by illegal immigration from Bangladesh. My idea is that you shouldn't hide your identity, job or income. The male literacy rate was 78.81% and the female literacy rate was 67.27%. [195], A variety of different rice cultivars are grown and consumed in different ways, viz., roasted, ground, boiled or just soaked. [194] Sattriya (Sotriya) dance related to Vaishnav tradition is a classical form of dance. The reigning monarch Chandrakanta Singha tried to check the Burmese invaders but he was defeated after fierce resistance. Up Next. It is important to disclose – what is my religion, what I do, how much do I earn. Moreover, there are other industries such as jute mill, textile and yarn mills, Assam silk, and silk mills. [citation needed] In the 19th and 20th century, Assamese and other literature was modernised by authors including Lakshminath Bezbaroa, Birinchi Kumar Barua, Hem Barua, Dr. Mamoni Raisom Goswami, Bhabendra Nath Saikia, Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, Hiren Bhattacharyya, Homen Borgohain, Bhabananda Deka, Rebati Mohan Dutta Choudhury, Mahim Bora, Lil Bahadur Chettri, Syed Abdul Malik, Surendranath Medhi, Hiren Gohain etc. Medium of instruction is mainly in Assamese, English or Bengali. "Prior to the thirteenth century the present region was called Kāmarūpa or, alternatively, Prāgjyotiṣapur", Lahiri, Nayanjot., "Ahoms also gave Assam and its language their name (. [93][94], Bodo is an ancient language of Assam. A History of Assam 1926 Calcutta and Shimla Thacker & Co page 230, Bhuyan Dr. S.K. [citation needed], Assam's agriculture is yet to experience modernisation in a real sense. Schools in Indian state Assam reopen after a seven-month long closure due to Covid-19 outbreak, Assam, India, November 2, 2020. Despite numerous invasions, mostly by the Muslim rulers, no western power ruled Assam until the arrival of the British. Bwisagu is one of the popular seasonal festivals of the Bodos. [67] However, Assamese culture in its hybrid form and nature is one of the richest, still developing and in true sense is a 'cultural system' with sub-systems. at 43–46 °F or 6–8 °C) and experiences heavy rainfall and high humidity. Many of the manuscripts such as Hastividyarnava (A Treatise on Elephants), the Chitra Bhagawata and in the Gita Govinda from the Middle Ages bear excellent examples of traditional paintings. Khorika is the smoked or fire grilled meat eaten with meals. Later, in 1682, Koch Hajo was entirely annexed by the Ahoms. [52], The mistrust and clashes between Indigenous Assamese people and Bengali Muslims started as early as 1952,[78][79] but is rooted in anti Bengali sentiments of the 1940s. In recent times the form and nature of celebration has changed with the growth of urban centres. The administrative districts are further subdivided into 54 "Subdivisions" or Mahakuma. [161][162] A number of employers hire over-qualified or efficient, but under-certified, candidates, or candidates with narrowly defined qualifications. Assam is one such state where the situation is worsening every day. Samudragupta's 4th-century-CE Allahabad pillar inscription mentions Kamarupa[22] and Davaka (Central Assam)[23] as frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire. Besides migration caused by displacement, there is also a large and continual unregulated movement between Assam and neighboring regions of Bangladesh with an exceptionally porous border. Despite the commercial success, tea labourers continued to be exploited, working and living under poor conditions. Dihing, Dibru, Dihong, D/Tista, and Dikrai) reveal that it was the most important language in ancient times. ", "Assam: Majuli becomes 1st river island district of India", "Area of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam, 2002", "Silchar Municipal Board (Silchar Municipality) Assam – Silchar Karimganj Hailakandi", "Jorhat Municipal Board(JBM), Jorhat, Assam", "A Study of Migration from Bangladesh to Assam, India and its Aspects", "Illegal immigration from Bangladesh a national problem", "Soon blueprint to deport illegal Bangladeshis in Assam", "Martyrs of Assam Agitation | Implementation of Assam Accord | Government of Assam, India", "Assam: Prafulla Mahanta not to campaign for AGP to protest alliance with BJP", "1. Tunkhungia Buranji or A History of Assam (1681–1826) 1968 page 199, Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1981 page 299, Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam 2008 page 108, Gait E.A. In Assam, the Kukis mainly reside in the two autonomous districts of Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong. So let’s crack it out one by one. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. Establishment of the Ahom dynasty in the 13th century CE and assimilation for next 600 years. The Vaishnava monasteries and many other architectural sites of the late medieval period display the use of lions and dragons for symbolic effects. Moreover, great hospitality and bamboo culture are common. at 95–100 °F or 35–38 °C and winter min. [citation needed], Painting is an ancient tradition of Assam. [113] The India-Pakistan War of 1965 and the accompanying communal rioting and massacres in Bangladesh produced another wave of largely Hindu migration from East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and a there was a third wave during and after the War of Independence that established Bangladeshi independence in 1971, with Assam home to around a thousand camps housing 347,555 refugees, which included persons of all backgrounds fleeing war. The war ended under the Treaty of Yandabo[43] in 1826, with the Company taking control of Western Assam and installing Purandar Singha as king of Upper Assam in 1833. [160] For the past five decades, the tertiary sector has registered the highest growth rates of the other sectors, which even has slowed down in the 1990s than in the 1980s. Tamulpan (the areca nut and betel leaves) or guapan (gua from kwa) are considered along with the Gamosa (a typical woven cotton or silk cloth with embroidery) as the offers of devotion, respect and friendship. Assam's agriculture usually depends on the south-west monsoon rains. Davaka was later absorbed by Kamarupa, which grew into a large kingdom that spanned from Karatoya river to near present Sadiya and covered the entire Brahmaputra valley, North Bengal, parts of Bangladesh and, at times Purnea and parts of West Bengal.[24]. The most successful invader Mir Jumla, a governor of Aurangzeb, briefly occupied Garhgaon (c. 1662–63 CE), the then capital, but found it difficult to prevent guerrilla attacks on his forces, forcing them to leave. Male 77.85%, Female 66.27%, 2001: Literacy rate in Assam was 63.25% as per 2001 population census. It split into two in c. 1581 CE, the western part as a Mughal vassal and the eastern as an Ahom satellite state. The Assam government has decided to end religious discrimination, where religious education can no longer be given on government funds. Spring (March–April) and autumn (September–October) are usually pleasant with moderate rainfall and temperature. According to the language census of 2011 in Assam, out of a total population of around 31 million, Assamese is spoken by around half that number: 15 million. Today, the celebration witnesses the shifting of stages and is revamped to suit new contexts and interpretations. Assam's economy is based on agriculture and oil. Asia's first successful mechanically drilled oil well was drilled in Makum way back in 1867. Guwahati: Days after a Bajrang Dal leader in southern Assam’s Barak Valley threatened to beat up Hindus visiting churches on Christmas, he clarified his stance Sunday, saying the outfit may start “awareness initiatives” to dissuade people. The river with steep gorges and rapids in Arunachal Pradesh entering Assam, becomes a braided river (at times 10 mi/16 km wide) and with tributaries, creates a flood plain (Brahmaputra Valley: 50–60 mi/80–100 km wide, 600 mi/1000 km long). Xorai is a traditionally manufactured bell-metal article of great respect and is used as a container-medium while performing respectful offers. Asom Bani, Sadin and Bhal Khabar are Assamese weekly newspapers. Bushu Dima or simply Bushu is a major harvest festival of the Dimasa people. Updated Dec 27, 2020 | 06:46 IST Panchang, December 27, 2020: It is the Trayodashi Tithi of Margashirsha, Shukla Paksha, a Raviwar. [14] The Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati, with international flights to Bangkok and Singapore offered by Druk Air of Bhutan, was the 12th busiest airport of India in 2012. Hence, this particular day has been officially declared as a Restricted Holiday by the Assam government. We can discuss this topic into two main categories. Assam (Assamesisch: অসম [ɔxɔm], Asam) ist ein indischer Bundesstaat mit einer Fläche von 78.438 km² und 31,2 Millionen Einwohnern (Volkszählung 2011). So, at the beginning of December 2020, the person in charge of a radical religious group in Assam threatened the Hindus who would dare this year to pass through the doors of churches during the time of the Nativity. ‘ love-jihad ’ Bengali speaking people in Cachar, and vegetable sellers Native States [..., no western power ruled Assam until the British province too was called Assam 65 ] the has... 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