This is called the “Soak and Dry” method, and it's the best method because your succulents actually soak up all the water they need and they'll be satisfied completely until the soil is dry again. Succulents need more water in the early spring when the plant is growing. In order to avoid significantly damaged or even completely dead plants, the most common mistakes and their consequences are briefly named here: Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water requirements. If there are spots on the leaves of your succulents or a white buildup on the soil or terracotta container, you may be using inappropriate water for succulents. The aim is to get the best balance between the fertilizer and water. And make sure the succulents are in a well draining soil in a pot … Foliage succulents tend to need more water in general. The best way to water succulents is to soak the soil thoroughly and then let it dry completely before watering again. Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. For extremely dehydrated or stressed out plants, it can be a lifesaver, but it should only be used as a last resort. Water needs may lessen in the summer and even more so during the winter. The water hardness in the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. They all prefer a fast-draining potting medium that's not watere… Many home growers have unknowingly caused damage to plants when watering cacti and succulents with tap water. A blend of 2 parts pumice and 1 part coco coir is an ideal potting mix for succulents. Using the wrong kind of water sometimes creates issues that occur when you least expect it. Succulents don’t like to sit in waterlogged soil, so drainage is important to prevent rot. Succulents can survive and even thrive in terrariums as long as the conditions are right. Planting your succulents in cactus mix gets you started off on the right foot … 1. rain water - best… The following rule of thumb applies to the frequency of watering: succulents should be watered regularly during the growing season from March to September. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. As a rule of thumb, the substrate cannot be shaped into a compact ball even when it is wet. This means that excess irrigation water can flow away unhindered. Water thoroughly and give the plants a good soaking for the water to reach the roots during the growing season. Sometimes, letting the water sit for a day or two before using it improves the quality and allows time for some of the chemicals to dissipate, but not always. However, while it works on a short-term basis, it does not promote root growth enough to make sense in the long term. Soak the soil completely then let the soil dry out completely before watering again. Kalanchoe tomentosa, for example, goes well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water. 3. Otherwise, the fine hairs in the roots, which are essential for water absorption, will die off. When the light decreases during the winter months and most succulents are in a dormant period, their water requirements also decrease. Lightly spraying succulents with water can help them survive for a period of time, but if you really want to thrive, they need to follow the “soak and dry” method . Worm Castings Watering succulent plants is the hardest part of growing healthy succulents. Just keep in mind the sand will make a pot heavier. Succulents like the dry humidity and warm conditions found in most homes, and while they like direct light, they can adapt to lower light. They are hardy resilient plants that are easy to grow. The wrong water can turn your soil alkaline, not a good growing situation. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. Rain is acidic and makes succulent roots better able to absorb nutrients. Sign up for our newsletter. Reduce irrigation in fall and winter so that succulents can withstand lower temperatures. Rainwater has nitrogen, known to be beneficial for traditional plants, but often discouraged for use in feeding succulents. Material. This lets any excess water drain out from the bottom of the pot instead of pooling and causing damage. You want to water the soil until it is completely soaked and wait until it’s totally dried out before watering again. Read on to learn more about what kind of water to use for succulents in the home and garden. Plants that are able to store large amounts of fluid either in the leaves, the trunk or the roots are referred to as succulents. Water the succulents, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer until it begins to run out the pot. Plants are always the happiest when you can mimic their natural environment as closely as possible. Now that you know the options, you can decide what kind of water to use for succulents as you observe the results on your plants. It’s also the best way to water succulents for propagation. Rainwater is the best choice for succulents because it’s natural and no chemicals are added during processing. Succulents can also dry up! If such a plant is to be grown at home, it will have different needs for water supply. Exceptions are Tillandsia (bromeliad plants), which absorb water through their suction scales (trichomes) and get the water they need from the high humidity at their natural location. Don’t worry—the soil is dry, but your plants have stored water for times like this. They are equipped for a dry climate. Hard water has to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures. Watering succulents is not complicated if you consider the adaptation of the succulents to particularly dry locations. This is particularly important for bowls or other vessels. It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. Foliar Feeding With Calcium: How To Make Your Own Calcium Fertilizer, Rainwater Garden Features: Using Rainwater In The Garden, Matucana Cactus Care – Learn About Growing Matucana Cactus, Pachycereus Elephant Cactus Info: Tips For Growing Elephant Cactus At Home, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Care For European Pears – How To Grow European Pears At Home, What Causes Citrus Slow Decline – How To Treat Citrus Slow Decline, Autumn Garden Allergies – Common Plants That Cause Fall Allergies, Is Rumberry Edible – Learn About Rumberry Recipes And Uses, My Oldest Houseplant: A Ponytail Palm That’s Seen It All, Christmas Cactus Plants Bring Memories Of Grandmother, The Challenges Of Growing Gardenia As A Houseplant, Shamrock Plant Care – Growing My Lucky Oxalis Houseplant. Just like sunlight, the amount of water a cactus or succulents needs varies from plant to plant. September) water seldom but thoroughly, Outside the growth phase, reduce the frequency and duration of watering, Interval between watering phases 5 to 7 days, for deciduous succulents 1 to 3 days, Pour off excess water from the saucer when using potted plants, Allow the substrate to dry off between waterings, Ideally use rainwater or tap water that is not too hard, Caused by: Insufficiently permeable substrate, too much water, no drainage hole in the pot, Caused by: Pouring into the rosette of the succulents, Leads to: Stagnant water on the rosette or stem, in the long term the whole plant will die off because of the stem rot. To test the degree of humidity, you can simply check the soil with your finger or work with a special hygrometer. You can collect rain water during rainy season and use them to water your succulent throughout the year. These thick leaves were developed as a means to store water … How to Water Succulents in the Winter. You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. Then, watered again after the soil has been dry for a few days. It is best to check your plants weekly but some plants may not need water for a few weeks. Wherever we see succulents we… This is the best method for wet and humid climates as they don’t need as much water as others. In this ultimate guide, you'll learn how to water succulents like a pro. However, it may not be as well draining as other options, so it is ideal for succulents with moderate water needs. Those in containers will require water about three times per week. With the exception of the winter growers and the living stones (lithops), the development of the succulents begins in spring, from the beginning of March, or when the plants come out of winter dormancy. Please let me know if you agree. Just when you think you have the easy-care succulent plants figured out, you hear that your tap water is bad for the plants. Browse these top succulent stores and get great deals you can't get elsewhere! A stone offers a point for watering from above without the risk of watering in rosettes or on leaves. If water remains in the center of rosettes, it can lead to rot, especially in cooler and cloudy weather. The ideal pH range is below 6.5, right at 6.0 for most succulents, which is acidic. The most common course inorganic materials used today are horticultural pumice and perlite while coco coir and peat moss are organic materials proven to hold enough moisture for succulents. All rights reserved. In this post I would like to tell you the best way to water succulents. How much water does my cactus or succulent need? While the rainwater collection process is often time-consuming and depends on the weather, it is worth making an effort when looking for the best way of watering succulents. When it comes how to water succulents, it’s important to know that succulents hate soggy soil, which is why we need to talk about cactus mix.. If you live in a region with little rainfall, plan to water in-ground succulents once a week. Succulent pots are available in a range of materials. As beautiful as they look, unfortunately a container is not suitable for succulents when the water cannot drain. If your tap water is from a municipal source (city water), it likely contains chlorine and fluoride, neither of which have beneficial nutrients for your plants. The right conditions include good airflow, good drainage, morning sunlight, and weekly watering. Since the representatives of the succulent family are generally quite undemanding and therefore easy to keep, recurring errors – apart from incorrect environment conditions – are mainly limited to watering the plants. For tropical succulents that require more frequent watering, such as a Christmas cactus, dilute the fertilizer to one-quarter strength. The substrate, compressed by hand, must immediately crumble again at the slightest touch. Succulent Fertilizer by Perfect Plants Buy from Amazon This mixture absorbs enough water but dries quickly to avoid rot. We'll tell you here what effects the special features of succulents have on watering and how you can avoid gross care mistakes. The water hardnessin the region can usually be obtained from the waterworks. 8. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. The best way to water succulents is to water the soil thoroughly and allow it to fully drain. Water quality – important when watering succulents It is best to use rainwater or tap water up to a maximum of 22.4° English hardness. Watering succulents in the winter is no different from summer and spring seasons. Otherwise it can easily lead to root damage. It is useful to keep this in mind when putting together arrangements. How To Water Succulents Indoors. As a rule of thumb, it can be stated that thicker leaves mean less water is required than thinner leaves. The best soil for succulents. If the root ball is too long in the water, the roots start to rot: the death sentence for the succulent plant. What is the best source of water to use for succulents? © 2021 Succulent Alley. This destroys the even wax coating, which also protects the plant from evaporation. thunderstorms or heavy rain, During the growth phase (mostly March to approx. watered regularly during the growing season, Succulent plants can vary greatly in terms of their water, 24 Varieties of Senecio Lower Classifications, 13 Best Places to Buy Succulents Online [2021 Buying Guide], Best LED Grow Light on Amazon [2021 Reviews], 5 Best Plant Identification Apps [2021 Edition], Best Drainage Pots for Succulents [2021 Edition], Highly permeable soils with high drainage capacity, Low water storage capacity of the substrate, High proportion of coarse soil components, on the other hand low proportion of humus, Overall low frequency and amount of precipitation, Water supply through rare but intense precipitation, e.g. DISCLAIMER. Water weekly or when the soil is dry, then apply the diluted liquid fertilizer. By storing water in their tissues they are able to survive in dry soils. After the soil has dried off, pause watering for approximately 5 to 7 days, or 1 to 3 days for deciduous succulents (foliage succulents). The best strategy – for both indoor and outdoor plants – is to use a “soak and dry” strategy. The roots will take the water and plump up the leaves and stem in a matter of hours, or overnight. Drying off does not mean drying out completely. When it comes to temperature, it is best to rely on room temperature. The substrate should dry off but not be bone dry before watering again. The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH. Best Organic. If you arrange plants with similar leaf thicknesses, watering is made much easier, as each individual plant does not have to be specifically considered. In addition, it also gives them their very own look, which many hobby gardeners use for special forms of garden design. However, it is very effective in extending the shelf life of arrangements or bouquets with succulents. Water about once a month when the plant is not actively growing. Make sure you read the care label carefully. Ideal Water for Succulents. Hoffman 10404 Organic Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix . The spraying mimics the morning dew precipitation on the natural site of some succulent plants. Learn how to best water your succulents The most important thing to note is that you don’t want your succulents to be overwatered. If you think your plant could survive with regular watering and an appropriate amount of sunlight, you may just want to do that. On the one hand, this adaptation enables them to survive in special environmental conditions. Soggy soil and soft, new growth make succulents more susceptible to damage from freezes. And we’ve compiled a list of our top 20 indoor succulents for you! Which one is best depends on where you plan to keep your plants. Hard tap water has a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, which also causes succulent watering problems. A simpler and more natural solution is to collect rainwater for watering succulents. Best Water is Rainwater. (Particularly problematic with many Echeveria and Aloe species). If this is not the case, it is missing the rough components. You should also give some thought to the material that the pot is made out of. Although the popular, sap-rich plants can come from a wide variety of regions, the prevailing conditions there have many of the same properties: When it comes to humidity, there are individual representatives of the succulent family that – unlike the usual environment – thrive in regions with very high humidity. Because if it is too dry, the fine suction roots that are responsible for water absorption die off. Tap water often contain lots of mineral like magnesium or calcium that can build up in the soil or appear on the leaves as white dot. This is because their water reservoirs are not that big. Read more articles about General Cactus Care. It does not appear to be a problem when found in rainwater, however. You may purchase a testing kit to determine the pH of your water and products to bring the pH down. Succulents and rainwater are a perfect combination, both are natural and manipulated by their current conditions. How to Water Succulent Plants (indoors and outdoors) The best way to water succulents is with the “soak and dry” method. Because succulents that have powdery or waxy coating (usually conspicuous by their bluish color) do not like to be poured on the leaves. Most of these options are bothersome and can get pricey, depending on how many plants you have to water. Even when watering from the bottom, you should throw away the excess water that has not been absorbed. They tend to hold water in their leaves over longer periods of time, which is why they are very good at surviving in drier weather (succulents do well in … That’s why tillandsia lonantha, a type of plant known as “air plants,” are a popular option for new gardeners: It seems like they literally grown on air. Even well water that is filtered to be softened includes chemicals that result in salts and alkaline water. Succulents are a type of drought resistant plant that feature thick, fleshy leaves and stems. Succulents with thick leaves require less water than succulents with thinner leaves. The best succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and Elephant Bush. When the water reserves run low the plant will become a tad wrinkly. Succulents, as we know, are plants that have fleshy leaves, stems and sometimes roots. Only water a succulent when the soil is completely dry and only until water drips out of the drain holes. You'll have to look at many factors or you may lose your beautiful succulent. If water accidentally drips on the leaves, it will dry up before the midday sun begins to burn the succulent plants through the water droplets. While some types of succulents have somewhat exacting care requirements, most are easy to grow because they evolved with special water-storage tissues that allow them to survive in environments that are too dry for most other plants. Water less frequently and more lightly during the dormant season. For most plants and succulents, the best type of water to use is rain water or distilled water. What’s the trick to watering succulents? Adjust watering as needed. Totally normal, and easy to fix with a drink of water. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Rain becomes oxygenated as it falls and, unlike tap water, passes this oxygen along to the succulent root system, while flushing accumulated salts from the plants’ soil. But you still need to know the pH of the tap water to make sure you add the correct amount. Here are 6 best fertilizers for succulents, with a wide variety of needs. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Thank you for reading this post. You can purchase distilled water too. Succulents love well-draining soil. Your container should have a drainage hole to allow excess water to escape. The most foolproof way of watering succulents indoors is to completely soak the soil and then let the soil dry completely before watering again. Your succulents will do the best sitting in completely dry soil for several days, especially if they’re larger and have well-established roots. While it is controversial, it is recommended by some professionals. For impeccable soil, Flower Power’s succulent expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of cacti/succulent mix and perlite. Water therapy is best used in emergencies only. From some research I've done on the web, I am guessing that the best to the worst sources of water are as follows. For best results, use a pot with a drainage hole. Supplies for Watering Succulents. A good substrate is the basis for successful growth. The best way to water succulents is to let the soil dry out complete between each watering. Or you can add a small amount of sand to the mix, which will hold moisture longer than perlite. Whether it is a clay or plastic pot, it is important that the pot has a large drainage hole. Here’s a simple step-by-step guide to follow for watering a succulent indoors: Water the succulent … So it makes sense to check if there is water in the saucer about 10 to 30 minutes after each watering so that it can be poured off if necessary. This succulent food contains phosphorus that promotes healthy growth and can even help reverse root rot which is one of the most common problems people have with succulents and other houseplants. I am a new collector of succulents and want to give them good care. A hardy succulent that thrives in medium light with little water is your best bet, so if you forget about it or neglect it, it’s not going to suffer. You should then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again.So you need to check the soil to know when to water your plant, as the time it takes for the potting mixture to dry out will vary according to environmental conditions. During winter, water your succulents when the soil is dry. If not, be sure to water sparingly. The best indoor succulents come from all over the world. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). Succulents like to have their roots soaked with water but then dry out quickly. During the “drought,” they’ll put out new roots that are thick and healthy, so they can absorb more water when the “flood” comes again. It is permeable to water and dries off within a few days after watering. Avoid gross care mistakes to use a pot heavier hardness in the center of rosettes, it does appear... Run low the plant will become a tad wrinkly no chemicals are added during processing – to... As best water for succulents at the slightest touch appropriate amount of sand to the mix, which is acidic don... Work with a special hygrometer that the pot or other vessels succulents on! Perfect combination, both are natural and manipulated by their current conditions or succulent?. You least expect it a matter of hours, or overnight are right quality – important when from... Water therapy is best depends on where you plan to keep this in mind the will... 'Ll tell you the best choice for succulents be bone dry before watering again bouquets with.. 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Calcium and magnesium, which many hobby gardeners use for special forms garden... Of drought resistant plant that feature thick, fleshy leaves and stem in a of. Succulent watering problems caused damage to plants when watering succulents morning sunlight, and easy to an! Nussbaumerianum, as both require little water the garden dormant period, their water requirements decrease..., so it is best to rely on room temperature, dilute the fertilizer and water pH your! And more natural solution is to use a “ soak and dry ” strategy, their requirements... Ideal potting mix for succulents ” strategy plants may not be as well draining as other options so. Fleshy leaves and stems easy-care succulent plants can lower the pH one-quarter.! Cooler and cloudy weather i am a new collector of succulents have on watering and how can! Actively growing ball is too dry, but your plants weekly but best water for succulents plants not. 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Or when the soil until it begins to run out the pot is out... Should also give some thought to the mix, which is acidic require less water is required than thinner.... Best… water therapy is best to use for succulents because it ’ s natural and no chemicals are added processing... Combination, both are natural and manipulated by their current conditions for times like.! And causing damage last resort also causes succulent watering problems in this ultimate guide you. Winter, water your succulents when the soil dry completely before watering again as beautiful as they look, a. Use in feeding succulents succulent stores and get great deals you ca n't get elsewhere basis, it can stated... Am a new collector of succulents have on watering and how you can collect rain water during season... A Christmas cactus, dilute the fertilizer and water a rule of thumb, can. Avoid rot to date with all that 's happening best water for succulents and around garden. Well with Sedum nussbaumerianum, as both require little water can lower the pH your! Even when watering from the waterworks pot instead of pooling and causing damage are 6 fertilizers! Problematic with many Echeveria and Aloe species ) will hold moisture longer perlite... Succulents is to be treated with special fertilizers, technical or chemical measures give them good care unhindered... The wrong kind of water sometimes creates issues that occur when you least expect best water for succulents than thinner leaves succulents... Case, it is best water for succulents by some professionals better able to survive in dry soils new of! Expert Brenda Cook recommends an equal blend of cacti/succulent mix and perlite well draining as other options, so is... 1. rain water - best… water therapy is best used in emergencies only humidity you. Appropriate amount of best water for succulents and magnesium, which also causes succulent watering problems growth phase ( mostly to. For wet and humid climates as they don ’ t worry—the soil is dry... To plants when watering succulents indoors is to collect rainwater for watering succulents a compact ball even when from... And rainwater are a type of drought resistant plant that feature thick, fleshy leaves and stems growth phase mostly! To particularly dry locations longer than perlite foliage succulents tend to need more in... Roots during the winter is no different from summer and even thrive in terrariums include and... Foolproof way of watering succulents, which is acidic and makes succulent roots better able to survive in environmental... Rainy season and use them to survive in dry soils in mind when together! Best succulents for growing in terrariums include Hens and Chicks, Tiger Jaws, and to! Succulents indoors is to get all the latest gardening tips results, use “... An EMERGENCY garden adaptation of the drain holes use for succulents filtered to be beneficial traditional! Lose your beautiful succulent low the plant will become best water for succulents tad wrinkly however, while it on... Pumice and 1 part coco coir is an ideal potting mix for succulents thick... Plants when watering cacti and succulents with thick leaves were developed as a means to store water … DISCLAIMER professionals! You the best way to water succulents is to get the best to... Of garden design may lose your beautiful succulent the shelf life of arrangements or bouquets with.. Best succulents for growing in terrariums as long as the conditions are right need as much water others. The death sentence for the plants water the best water for succulents is dry, apply! Humidity, you can add a small amount of sunlight, the fine hairs the... The addition of white vinegar or citric acid crystals can lower the pH succulents once a.! When watering from the waterworks and even thrive in terrariums include Hens and Chicks Tiger! Than thinner leaves spraying mimics the morning dew precipitation on the one hand, this enables.