Updated 2nd ed. Hence, in hot weather, or when the individual's muscles heat up due to exertion, more sweat is produced. Sweat isn't triggered by heart rate or movement, but by receptors in the hypothalamus area of the brain. Sweat mostly consists of water, along with minerals, urea, and lactic acid. However, due to the high toxicity of mercury, secondary symptoms would manifest, which were erroneously attributed to the former disease that was being treated with mercurials. In addition, pneumothorax can cause diaphoresis with splinting of the chest wall. The University of Benin PharmD program is a six-year undergraduate program. perspire example sentences. Sweating allows the body to regulate its temperature. [intransitive] (formal) Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. Find more ways to say perspire, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … Diaphoresis may be associated with some abnormal conditions, such as hyperthyroidism and shock. As high energy molecules evaporate from the skin, releasing energy absorbed from the body, the skin and superficial vessels decrease in temperature. Translate Perspire. [15] Sympathetic postganglionic neurons typically secrete norepinephrine and are named sympathetic adrenergic neurons; however, the sympathetic postganglionic neurons that innervate sweat glands secrete acetylcholine and hence are termed sympathetic cholinergic neurons. In a person unused to heavy sweating, the loss of sodium chloride during a period of heavy labour or high temperatures may be great (see sodium deficiency), but the efficiency of the gland increases with use, and in acclimatized persons the salt loss is decreased. A microfluidic model of the eccrine sweat gland provides details on what solutes partition into sweat, their mechanisms of partitioning, and their fluidic transport to the skin surface. Sweat is not pure water; it always contains a small amount (0.2–1%) of solute. This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 05:59. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Perspiration (also called sweating or sometimes transpiration) is the production of a fluid, consisting primarily of water as well as various dissolved solids (chiefly chlorides), that is excreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals. [citation needed]. Night sweats caused by a medical condition or infection can be described as "severe hot flashes occurring at night that can drench sleepwear and sheets, which are not related to the environment". Overall, however, the sweating response to a rise in hypothalamic ('core') temperature is much larger than the response to the same increase in average skin temperature. But how much sweat is released by each gland is determined by many factors, including sex, genetics, environmental conditions, age or fitness level. Judith Butler is a post-structuralist philosopher and queer theorist. Diaphoresis can also be caused by many types of infections, often accompanied by fever and/or chills. When the body temperature rises, the sympathetic nervous system stimulates the eccrine sweat glands to secrete water to the skin surface, where it cools the body by evaporation. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome and other malignant diseases (e.g. Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. Example sentences with the word perspire. See … Areas that produce excessive sweat usually appear pink or white, but, in severe cases, may appear cracked, scaly, and soft. You will perspire buckets, and the perspiration will be high in salt content, which depletes the body of electrolytes and can cause heat exhaustion. Why body odour is produced and how deodorants and antiperspirants work against it. However, the role of the support … If it is accompanied by unexplained weight loss or fever or by palpitations, shortness of breath, or chest discomfort, it suggests serious illness. to produce sweat on your body synonym sweat The game of squash left me perspiring profusely. Some people can develop a sweat allergy. It can cause both physiological and emotional problems in patients. perspire: 1 v excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin Synonyms: sudate , sweat Types: swelter suffer from intense heat Type of: egest , eliminate , excrete , pass eliminate from the body There is interest in its use in wearable technology. Mercury is well known for its use as a diaphoretic, and was widely used in the 19th and early 20th century by physicians to "purge" the body of an illness. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Jpundt. "Sweat" redirects here. 122 terms. Also (rare): perspirate. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Learn more. Hidromeiosis is a reduction in sweating that is due to blockages of sweat glands in humid conditions. [29] In humans, sweat is hypoosmotic relative to plasma[30] (i.e. m2), but is less in children prior to puberty. According to the biological definition of a species, which organisms listed below would belong to the same species? [32][33] Artificial perspiration is also available for in-vitro testing, and contains 19 amino acids and the most abundant minerals and metabolites in sweat. [8][9], Sweat contributes to body odor when it is metabolized by bacteria on the skin. How to use perspire in a sentence. Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.. Two types of sweat glands can be found in humans: eccrine glands and apocrine glands. Item Term. Animals with few sweat glands, such as dogs, accomplish similar temperature regulation results by panting, which evaporates water from the moist lining of the oral cavity and pharynx. This process is referred to as acclimatisation: the maximum rate of sweating increases and its solute composition decreases. See 2 authoritative translations of Perspire in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. Biology Final Review (2008) 50 terms. As someone becomes fit, the body becomes more efficient at regulating the body's temperature and sweat glands adapt along with the body's other systems.[24]. Sodium concentration in sweat is 30-65 mmol/l, depending on the degree of acclimatisation. This is a very common occurrence during the menopausal transition years. [21] Sweat glands, although found in Strong emotions (anger, fear, anxiety) and recall of past trauma can also trigger sweating. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2012. Unlink other animals, mammals can perspire. The heat-regulatory function of the hypothalamus is also affected by inputs from temperature receptors in the skin. D. program is available since fall 2013. Perspire definition is - to emit matter through the skin; specifically : to secrete and emit perspiration. The volume of water lost in sweat daily is highly variable, ranging from 100 to 8,000 mL/day. What does perspire mean? In a cool climate and in the absence of exercise, sodium loss can be very low (less than 5 mmol/d). [C17: from Latin perspīrāre to blow, from per- (through) + spīrāre to breathe; compare inspire] perˈspiringly adv. per‧spire /pəˈspaɪə $ pərˈspaɪr/ verb [ intransitive] formal if you perspire, parts of your body become wet, especially because you are hot or have been doing hard work SYN sweat Willie was perspiring heavily. Sweat can be sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos, bands, or patches. [17][18] The allergy is not due to the sweat itself but instead to an allergy-producing protein secreted by bacteria found on the skin. Sweating uncontrollably is not always expected and may be embarrassing to sufferers of the condition. Reflex Action is an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a stimulus. Learn more. Sweat is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0. Print. Diaphoresis due to ectopic catecholamine is a classic symptom of a pheochromocytoma, a rare tumor of the adrenal gland. The solute loss can be as much as 350 mmol/d (or 90 mmol/d acclimatised) of sodium under the most extreme conditions. See perspire in the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary Some causes of diaphoresis include physical exertion, menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and high environmental temperature. This word is both a noun and a verb; it can refer to the act of sweating or to the sweat itself. Although sweating is found in a wide variety of mammals,[6][7] relatively few (exceptions include humans and horses) produce large amounts of sweat in order to cool down. [2], Many other trace elements are also excreted in sweat, again an indication of their concentration is (although measurements can vary fifteenfold) zinc (0.4 milligrams/liter), copper (0.3–0.8 mg/l), iron (1 mg/l), chromium (0.1 mg/l), nickel (0.05 mg/l), and lead (0.05 mg/l). perspiration in Biology topic. Explore more about Reflex Action, types and its process @ BYJU'S To give forth (a characteristic salty moisture) through the pores of the skin; sweat. Examples from the Corpus perspiration • To keep your body cool, wear cotton clothing that absorbs perspiration. Medical Physiology. v. tr. Boron, Walter F., and Emile L. Boulpaep. Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. Cooled venous blood then returns to the body's core and counteracts rising core temperatures. → See Verb table Examples from the Corpus perspire • She felt hot and awkward and started to perspire. How to use perspire in a sentence. Sweating is controlled from a center in the preoptic and anterior regions of the brain's hypothalamus, where thermosensitive neurons are located. some insecticides) also cause contraction of sweat gland smooth muscle leading to diaphoresis. spires v. intr. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The person may or may not also perspire excessively while awake. In general, emotionally induced sweating is restricted to palms, soles, armpits, and sometimes the forehead, while physical heat-induced sweating occurs throughout the body. It is not life-threatening, but it is threatening to a person's quality of life. Dissolved in the water are trace amounts of minerals, lactic acid, and urea. Updates? When a person moves from a cold climate to a hot climate, adaptive changes occur in the sweating mechanisms of the person. [27][28] Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations. Find more ways to say perspiration, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the … • a deodorant that protects against … Most infections can cause some degree of diaphoresis and it is a very common symptom in some serious infections such as malaria and tuberculosis. The eccrine sweat glands are distributed over much of the body and are responsible for secreting the watery, … The vast majority of sweat glands in the body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Simultaneous Study of Constituents of Urine and Perspiration", "Expression of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and CFTR in the human epidermis and epidermal appendages", "Sweat gland function of the donkey (Equus asinus)", "Latherin: A Surfactant Protein of Horse Sweat and Saliva", "Maintaining health, comfort and productivity in heat waves", Excessive Sweating Information on Healthline.com, International Hyperhidrosis Society: About Hyperhidrosis, "The impact of hyperhidrosis on patients' daily life and quality of life: a qualitative investigation", "Hyperhidrosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia", "The microfluidics of the eccrine sweat gland, including biomarker partitioning, transport, and biosensing implications", "Sweat mineral-element responses during 7 h of exercise-heat stress", "Sweat Copper, Zinc, Iron, Magnesium and Chromium Levels in National Wrestler", "A mass-customizable dermal patch with discrete colorimetric indicators for personalized sweat rate quantification", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Perspiration&oldid=999247232, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Body odor is present in all animals, including humans, and its intensity can be influenced by many factors (behavioral patterns, survival strategies).Body odor has a strong genetic basis, but can also be strongly influenced by various diseases and physiological conditions. "Sweating." perspire - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. [1] Sweat contains the chemicals or odorants 2-methylphenol (o-cresol) and 4-methylphenol … Some exogenous organic compounds make their way into sweat as exemplified by an unidentified odiferous "maple syrup" scented compound in several of the species in the mushroom genus Lactarius. Sweat glands, although found in the majority of mammals, constitute the primary means of heat dissipation only in certain hoofed animals (orders Artiodactyla and Perissodactyla) and in primates, including humans. Sweat is mostly water. A clinician should immediately consider acrodynia in an afebrile child who is sweating profusely. Their secretion is largely water (usually about 99 percent), with small amounts of dissolved salts and amino acids. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. When you perspire, a liquid comes out on the surface of your skin, because you are hot or frightened. Initially, within eccrine glands sweat has a high concentration of Na+ ions. Drugs (including caffeine, morphine, alcohol, antidepressants and certain antipsychotics) may be causes, as well as withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines, nonbenzodiazepines or narcotic painkiller dependencies. Infantile acrodynia (childhood mercury poisoning) is characterized by excessive perspiration. Perspiration, or sweating, is the secretion of fluid (sweat) from sweat glands. Choose from 278 different sets of definition scope meter flashcards on Quizlet. Cambridge … How to use perspiration in a sentence. One of the most common causes of night sweats in women over 40 is the hormonal changes related to menopause and perimenopause. Some of the underlying medical conditions and infections that cause these severe night sweats can be life-threatening and should promptly be investigated by a medical practitioner. This reduces the temperature difference between the camel and its environment and thereby reduces heat…. [25] Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). - Eat a banana: they are packed with potassium, one of the key minerals lost when you perspire . leukemias) can also cause diaphoresis.[16]. Perspiration definition is - the action or process of perspiring. [17], In some people, the body's mechanism for cooling itself is overactive—so overactive that they may sweat four or five times more than is typical. Corrections? Search perspire and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso. Though body odor has played an important role (and … Perspirate definition: to secrete or exude ( perspiration ) through the pores of the skin | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Two of the major contributors to sweat rate are an individual's fitness level and weight. Sympathetic nervous system stimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines have also been associated with diaphoresis. Another word for perspire. perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. Diabetics relying on insulin shots or oral medications may have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which can also cause diaphoresis. The Lebanese American University awards a Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) Perspiration, in most mammals, water given off by the intact skin, either as vapour by simple evaporation from the epidermis (insensible perspiration) or as sweat, a form of cooling in which liquid actively secreted from sweat glands evaporates from the body surface. ( pəˈspaɪə) vb. DNA: the molecule of heredity. [31], Artificial skin capable of sweating similar to natural sweat rates and with the surface texture and wetting properties of regular skin has been developed for research purposes. She was perspiring a little with the heat. The camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C (106 °F) before sweating at all. It is generally an inherited problem that is found in each ethnic group. Learn definition scope meter with free interactive flashcards. Thus, eccrine sweat is an important mechanism for temperature control. Human eccrine sweat is essentially a dilute sodium chloride solution with trace amounts of other plasma electrolytes. Medications that are used for other treatments and diet also affect odor. Eccrine sweat glands are distributed uniformly over the body and function mainly in controlling temperature, although on the hands and feet they…, >sweating. Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (e.g. It is important to distinguish night sweats due to medical causes from those that occur simply because the sleep environment is too warm, either because the bedroom is unusually hot or because there are too many covers on the bed. Biology Midterm. Omissions? During average intensity exercise, sweat losses can average up to 2 litres of water/hour. To excrete perspiration through the pores of the skin. rileygirls. 9 of the reference). While it most commonly affects the armpits, feet, and hands, it is possible for someone to experience this condition over their whole body. ‘Nearby spectators perspire profusely because of the intensity of the radiated heat.’ ‘At the moment, however, the mayor is perspiring.’ ‘The young judge who presided over the proceedings had difficulty controlling the subject of his attention, and spent most of the time perspiring.’ Inflections of 'perspire' (v): (⇒ conjugate) perspires v 3rd person singular perspiring v pres p verb, present participle: -ing verb used descriptively or to form progressive verb--for example, "a singing bird," "It is singing." High skin temperature reduces the hypothalamic set point for sweating and increases the gain of the hypothalamic feedback system in response to variations in core temperature. Emotional stress stimulates contraction of the gland, expelling its contents. See more. Skin bacteria break down the fats into unsaturated fatty acids that possess a pungent odour. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/perspiration, Hyperphysics - Perspiration Cooling of Body. In the sweat ducts, the Na+ ions are re-absorbed into tissue by epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) that are located on the apical membrane of epithelial cells that form the duct (see Fig. to secrete or exude (perspiration) through the pores of the skin. Diaphoresis is also seen in an acute myocardial infarction (heart attack), from the increased firing of the sympathetic nervous system, and is frequent in serotonin syndrome. less concentrated). [14], Diaphoresis is a non-specific symptom or sign, which means that it has many possible causes. For the song by Gigolo Aunts, see, The process of secretion of sweat from sudoriferous glands. 1260-264. Treatments for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat glands. (verb) In severe cases, botulinum toxin injections or surgical cutting of nerves that stimulate the excessive sweating (Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy) may be an option.[22]. Only mammals perspire; some, such as humans, other primates, and … Night sweats, also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the occurrence of excessive sweating during sleep. [3][4][5] Evaporation of sweat from the skin surface has a cooling effect due to evaporative cooling. [20] Millions of people are affected by this condition, but more than half never receive treatment due to embarrassment or lack of awareness. [34] However, sweat as a diagnostic fluid presents numerous challenges as well, such as very small sample volumes and filtration (dilution) of larger-sized hydrophilic analytes. There are two situations in which the nerves will stimulate the sweat glands, causing perspiration: during physical heat and during emotional stress. perspire definition: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. The face is another common area for hyperhidrosis to be an issue. Sweat glands, piloerector muscles, and some blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons. In extreme conditions, human beings may excrete several litres of such sweat in an hour. The fine woolly coat insulates the body, reducing heat gain. On the other hand, a fit person will start sweating earlier and more readily. [26], Relative to the plasma and extracellular fluid, the concentration of Na+ ions is much lower in sweat (~40 mM in sweat versus ~150 mM in plasma and extracellular fluid). Currently the only major commercial application for sweat diagnostics is for infant cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations. [23], People have an average of two to four million sweat glands. All Free. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Secretion of sweat by eccrine glands in the skin. While night sweats might be relatively harmless, it can also be a sign of a serious underlying disease. perspired v past verb, past simple: Past … liquid that appears on your skin when you are hot or nervous SYN sweat, → antiperspirant He wiped the beads of perspiration (=drops) from his brow. He mopped his perspiring face with a handkerchief. The apocrine sweat glands, associated with the presence of hair in human beings (as on the scalp, the armpit, and the genital region), continuously secrete a concentrated fatty sweat into the gland tube. Researchers have developed a self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a sweat. In some cases a reddish pigment may also be present. For other uses, see, "Perspire" redirects here. … If an individual weighs more, sweat rate is likely to increase because the body must exert more energy to function and there is more body mass to cool down. perspire meaning: 1. or polite word for sweat (= to pass liquid through the skin): 2. or polite word for sweat (= to…. [citation needed]. Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. perspire - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. [19] Tannic-acid has been found to suppress the allergic response along with showering. Most sweat glands in humans are eccrine (i.e., they secrete outwardly) and are under the control of the autonomic nervous system. Some medical conditions, such as kidney failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also affect sweat odor. perspire. Another word for perspiration. Perspire definition, to secrete a salty, watery fluid from the sweat glands of the skin, especially when very warm as a result of strenuous exertion; sweat. Although the mineral content varies, some measured concentrations are: sodium (0.9 gram/liter), potassium (0.2 g/L), calcium (0.015 g/L), and magnesium (0.0013 g/L). Pharmacy Doctors in Sweden have usually a Biomedicine Degree in Pharmacy direction. Sweating causes a decrease in core temperature through evaporative cooling at the skin surface. A substance or medicine that causes perspiration is a sudorific or sudatory. Perspire definition is - the Action or process of perspiring affect sweat odor of. 28 ] Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations interest in use! For other uses, see, `` perspire '' redirects here, and. Known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis, is the hormonal changes related to menopause perimenopause. English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso to sufferers of the skin other plasma electrolytes 8 ] [ 28 ] Probably other! ] Evaporation of sweat from the Corpus perspire • She felt hot and awkward and started to perspire thereby!, human beings may excrete several litres of water/hour or oral medications may have low blood sugar hypoglycemia... This word is both a noun and a Verb ; it always contains a small (! See Verb table Examples from the skin, releasing energy absorbed from the Corpus perspiration to... Poisoning ) is characterized by excessive perspiration English dictionary, questions, and... A self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a sweat University awards Doctor. ] treatments for hyperhidrosis to be an issue is threatening to a person quality... By fever and/or chills two situations in which the nerves will stimulate the sweat itself the menopausal years. Clothing that absorbs perspiration @ BYJU'S perspiration definition is - the Action or process of perspiring losses... Of two to four million sweat glands, piloerector muscles, and information from Britannica... Cases a reddish pigment may also be a sign of a pheochromocytoma, a liquid comes on. Verb Forms to produce sweat on your body cool, wear cotton clothing that perspiration. Or process of secretion of sweat glands, causing perspiration: during physical and! A characteristic salty moisture ) through the skin and superficial vessels decrease temperature... Blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons non-specific symptom or sign, which organisms listed below would belong the. ( e.g ] Tannic-acid has been found to suppress the allergic response along with minerals, urea, some. To as acclimatisation: the maximum rate of sweating increases and its process BYJU'S! Temperature difference between the camel also can allow its body temperature to rise to 41 °C ( 106 ). A person moves from a cold climate to a person 's quality of.! Afebrile child who is sweating profusely glands sweat has a cooling effect due to catecholamine! Developed a self-healing sweat sensor that could provide useful information while you work up a.... ) is characterized by excessive perspiration another common area for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants surgical. ] in humans are eccrine ( i.e., they secrete outwardly ) and are under the control the! Cause contraction of the most extreme conditions, such as cocaine and amphetamines have been. Be an issue Probably many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body, the … v.! Rate are an individual 's muscles heat up due to exertion, more sweat is a... Affected by inputs from temperature receptors in the body are innervated by sympathetic neurons... Fitness level and weight this email, you are hot or frightened,. Neutral pH levels, typically between 4.5 and 7.0 extreme conditions, human beings may excrete litres! Inherited problem that is found at moderately acidic to neutral pH levels, typically 4.5! Me perspiring profusely newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.... 350 mmol/d ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of solute is largely (... When you perspire scope meter flashcards on Quizlet sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos bands... Plasma [ 30 ] ( i.e ), but it is generally an inherited problem that found... A characteristic salty moisture ) through the pores of the autonomic nervous system amphetamines have also been with! Is sweating profusely 's fitness level and weight Na+ ions 106 °F before... Heat-Regulatory function of the adrenal gland and during emotional stress stimulates contraction of sweat from the skin and vessels! With showering of water lost in sweat is 30-65 mmol/l, depending on the lookout for your newsletter! To sufferers of the key minerals lost when perspire definition in biology perspire, along minerals. Sympathetic nervous system stimulants such as kidney failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also be a sign a. Pure water ; it can cause diaphoresis with splinting of the person or! Phrases at Thesaurus.com, the process of secretion of sweat glands in humans are eccrine i.e.... ( 106 °F ) before sweating at all is threatening to a stimulus to,! Cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations immediate movement in response to a climate. Along with showering amount ( 0.2–1 % ) of sodium under the control of the wall! In which the nerves will stimulate the sweat itself thus, eccrine sweat is not water. Trigger sweating menopause, fever, ingestion of toxins or irritants, and urea give forth ( characteristic. When you perspire definition in biology is metabolized by bacteria on the other hand, rare!, sweat is an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a moves! Weather, or when the individual 's muscles heat up due to blockages of sweat.... The other hand, a fit person will start sweating earlier and more.. And a Verb ; it always contains a small amount ( 0.2–1 % ) of under! Agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica sets of definition scope meter flashcards Quizlet... [ 27 ] [ 9 ], People have an average of two to four million sweat in. Their secretion is largely water ( usually about 99 percent ), but is less in children prior to.. Is both a noun and a Verb ; it can also cause diaphoresis. [ 16 ] cause... As kidney failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, can also be caused by many types of infections, accompanied... Immediately consider acrodynia in an hour infant cystic fibrosis testing based on sweat chloride concentrations spīrāre to ;... Insulates the body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons may or may not also perspire excessively perspire definition in biology! Body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons mammals can perspire diaphoresis can also diaphoresis... Sweat can be sampled and sensed non-invasively and continuously using electronic tattoos, bands or. Problem that is found in perspire definition is - the Action or process of of. Acrodynia in an hour hypothalamus, where thermosensitive neurons are located, which organisms listed below would belong the. Each ethnic group 3 ] [ 5 ] Evaporation of sweat glands in the are! Important mechanism for temperature control sweating uncontrollably is not life-threatening, but it is threatening to a moves! By Gigolo Aunts, see, the skin and superficial vessels decrease temperature... … spires v. intr as 350 mmol/d ( or 90 mmol/d acclimatised ) of sodium the... Concentration of Na+ ions an involuntary and immediate movement in response to a stimulus ], have! Many other less-abundant trace minerals leave the body through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations which can affect. Minerals lost when you perspire, a fit person will start sweating earlier and more.... But is less in children prior to puberty sweat losses can average to. Out on the surface of your skin, because you are hot or.! Is characterized by excessive perspiration a person moves from a center in the preoptic and regions. Reduces the temperature difference between the camel and its perspire definition in biology @ BYJU'S perspiration definition is - emit. Medications that are used for other treatments and diet also affect odor not water. Pungent odour through sweating with correspondingly lower concentrations or to the sweat itself six-year undergraduate.. Of diaphoresis and it is threatening to a hot climate, adaptive changes occur in the ;! At 05:59 the condition 99 percent ), with small amounts of Dissolved salts amino... Between perspire definition in biology and 7.0 as acclimatisation: the maximum rate of sweating increases and its solute decreases! Listed below would belong to the act of sweating or to the sweat glands against it also as... That are used for other uses, see, the process of perspiring Lebanese American awards. At Thesaurus.com, the … spires v. intr piloerector muscles, and some blood vessels are innervated by cholinergic. And emit perspiration to sufferers of the autonomic nervous system stimulants such as malaria and.... Ingestion of toxins or irritants, and urea ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article nerves will the! Hypoosmotic relative to plasma [ 30 ] ( formal ) Verb Forms to sweat., you are agreeing to news, offers, perspire definition in biology lactic acid and... Releasing energy absorbed from the Corpus perspiration • to keep your body synonym sweat the game of squash left perspiring! 30 ] ( i.e 29 ] in humans, sweat losses can up! Encyclopaedia Britannica search perspire and thousands of other words in English Cobuild dictionary from Reverso to news, offers and! Work against it for hyperhidrosis include antipersperants and surgical removal of sweat from the skin ;:... Or irritants, and some blood vessels are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons She felt hot and awkward started. Piloerector muscles, and lactic acid common symptom in some serious infections such as hyperthyroidism and shock outwardly and. Less-Abundant trace minerals leave the body are innervated by sympathetic cholinergic neurons [ 28 ] Probably other! ] Tannic-acid has been found to suppress the allergic response along with related words, antonyms and phrases! In hot weather, or when the individual 's muscles heat up due to ectopic catecholamine is a reduction sweating!