The Department is providing family planning services through Family Health Clinics, Family Welfare Centers, Mobile Service Units and social mobilizers. [31] Tools up to two million years old have been recovered in the potohar plateau. The Punjab, or Panjab ("five rivers"), is a region in South Asia that includes territories of north India and eastern Pakistan. Punjab (Urdu: صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. "Punjabi in schools: Pro-Punjabi outfits in Pakistan threaten hunger strike". [46] In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas were now major players. Trade and people-to-people contacts through the Wagah border are now starting to become common. After Islamic conquest, conversions began leading to a mixed population of Muslims and Hindus, and Buddhism vanished. The Hephthalite Huns captured Gandhara around 451, and did not adopt Buddhism, but in fact "perpetrated frightful massacres." The ginning industries are 6,778. ], Agnes Ziegler, Akhtar Mummunka (2006) The final Frontier: unique photographs of Pakistan. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). "Five waters"') is Pakistan's most populous province, with a population of about 110,012,442 as of 2017. The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. Each Department is headed by a Provincial Minister (Politician) and a Provincial Secretary (A civil servant of usually BPS-20 or BPS-21). Population Welfare Punjab Jobs 2021 Advertisement is open in Bahawalpur Division to recruit the eligible (Male & Female) Pakistani nationals who want to work with the Population Welfare Department Government of Punjab. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. Pakistani districts and city Population. [citation needed], The Indo-Parthian Kingdom was ruled by the Gondopharid dynasty with its capital at Taxila, Punjab. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46 °C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51 °C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. The Anarkali Market and Jahangir's Tomb are prominent in the city of Lahore as is the Lahore Museum, while the ancient city of Taxila in the northwest was once a major centre of Buddhist and Hindu influence. The Sikhs became a formidable military force after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 and challenged the Mughals and later the Durrani Afghans for power in Punjab. Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. It's also one of the world's most densely populated cities. The largest non-Muslim minority i… Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. The Indo-Greeks were involved with local faiths, particularly with Buddhism, but also with Hinduism'. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Rawalpindi (Punjab, Pakistan): population 3.25 million. Punjab es un provincia in li nord-ost de Pakistan in Asia.Li provincia Punjab es li provincia con li max mult habitantes de Pakistan, mem plu quam li demí del tot population de Pakistan habita in li Punjab.. Secun un estimation li provincia Punjab have 91.379.615 (2011) habitantes e un territoria de 205.344 quadrat-kilometres. The most famous Indo-Greek ruler was Menander (Milinda). District at a glance Vehari. The Maurya Empire ruled the area starting in 305 BCE and for many generations before it was consolidated into the Indo-Greek Kingdom in 180 BCE. The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into the Indo-Aryan civilisation. Folklore songs, ballads, epics and romances are generally written and sung in the various Punjabi dialects. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, and fruits such as kinoo. Punjab reached the height of its splendour during the reign of the Mughal Empire, which for a time ruled from Lahore. In the Soan River, many fossil bearing rocks are exposed on the surface. Back in 2001, the estimated population was around 142.5 million; the country, at that point, became the seventh most populated country in the entire world. Partition in 1947 led to the region being split into East and West Punjab, with East Punjab becoming part of India while West Punjab became part of Pakistan. Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. [citation needed]. Recently the province experienced one of the coldest winters in the last 70 years.[59]. 22 of the 36 regions were united by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, with the other 14 accepting British sovereignty. In December 1826 Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi and his followers clashed with Sikh troops at Akora Khattak, with no decisive result. The Indo-Scythians ultimately established a kingdom in the northwest south Asia, based near Taxila, with two great Satraps, one in Mathura in the east, and one in Surastrene (Gujarat) in the southwest. [101], Lahore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Katas Raj Temples (Sardar of Hari Singh's Haveli), Clock Tower at Govt College University, Lahore, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium in Faisalabad, A view of Murree, a famous hill station of Punjab, Different shapes of clay pots mostly made in Gujrat, Tilla Jogian Jhelum, considered sacred by Hindus and scenic peak in Punjab, "Kautilya was also a Professor of Politics and Economics at Taxila University. The pictured wall of Lahore Fort is the last line in the tile-work in the entire world. Despite the lack of a coastline, Punjab is the most industrialised province of Pakistan;[13] its manufacturing industries produce textiles, sports goods, heavy machinery, electrical appliances, surgical instruments, vehicles, auto parts, metals, sugar mill plants, aircraft, cement, agricultural machinery, bicycles and rickshaws, floor coverings, and processed foods. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. There is a small but beautiful mosque inside the mine made from salt stone. Melas are also held to mark these occasions. Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. Punjab Province (Pakistani part) with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. ", "Thus the various centres of learning in different parts of the country became affiliated, as it were, to the educational centre, or the central university, of Taxila which exercised a kind of intellectual suzerainty over the wide world of letters in India. The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be between 85%-95% Muslim with a Sunni majority and Shia minority (The the Pakistani Government doesn't keep track of religious demographics). The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: Muslims: 205,500,000; Ahmadiyya in Pakistan: 2,000,000; Christians: 4,000,000; Hindus: 4,500,000; Buddhists: 106,989; Sikhs: 30,000; Zoroastrian/Parsis: 6,000; Animist s, Baháʼí Faith, Atheists: Pakistanis around the world The official language of Pakistan continues to be Urdu. Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation in 1849 of territory south of the Satluj to British India. In the South, Punjab's elevation reaches 2,327 metres (7,635 ft)[citation needed] near the hill station of Fort Munro in Dera Ghazi Khan. According to census 2017 total population of Punjab is 110012442 . "Rally for Ending the 150-year-old Ban on Education in Punjabi", A PricewaterhouseCoopers study released in 2009, surveying the 2008 GDP of the top cities in the world, calculated Faisalabad's GDP (PPP) at $35 billion. District at a glance Vehari. Amritsar (Punjab, India): 1.18 million. Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. [7][8][9][10][11] In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes near Mong, Punjab. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan The state population was recorded to be 29,673,462 (2.96 Crore) in 2016. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. A 2010 survey by the Sikh Resource and Study Centre reported 50,000 Sikhs living in Pakistan. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary of Punjab, who is usually a BPS-22 Civil Servant. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other parts of Asia. District at a glance T T Singh. Punjab (Urdu : صوبہ پنجاب ‎) is a province in Pakistan. "Mind your language—The movement for the preservation of Punjabi". Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. Sang-e-Meel Publications. Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. It not only encourages and patronises agricultural products and livestock through the exhibitions of agricultural products and cattle but is also a colourful documentary on the rich cultural heritage of the province with its strong rural roots. After fighting Ahmad Shah Durrani in the later eighteenth century, the Sikh Misls took control of Punjab and its capital Lahore was captured by the Bhangi Misl. https://logofmaps.wordpress.com/.../maps-of-punjab-pakistan When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and Mian Muhammad Baksh are well known. The name of the Gandhāris is attested in the Rigveda (RV 1.126.7[39]) and in ancient inscriptions dating back to Achaemenid Persia. Several important Sikh shrines are in the province, including the birthplace of the first Guru, Guru Nanak. Turning to the northeast, Alexander marched to Pucela, the capital of the district now known as Pakhli. 2.4%. Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, valued for its archaeological and religious history. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. As Pakistan is set to procure doses of China’s Sinopharm vaccine in the first quarter of this year, Punjab, Pakistan’s most populous province, aims to vaccinate its residents in three phases. [1] Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region of Pakistan and India, it is bordered by the Pakistani provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. For the most popular music from the region, Bhangra, the names of Abrar-Ul-Haq, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Jawad Ahmed, Sajjad Ali, Legacy, and Malkoo are renowned. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. James Abbott, British officer and deputy commissioner at Hazara in 1851, described Mir Painda Khan as "a chief renowned on the border, a wild and energetic man who was never subjugated by the Sikhs". In 2003, the province manufactured 90% of the paper and paper boards, 71% of the fertilizers, 69% of the sugar and 40% of the cement of Pakistan.[84]. He entered Western Punjab, where the ancient city of Nysa (at the site of modern-day Mong) was situated. 6. [83] and during 2008–09 grew at 6% against the total GDP growth of Pakistan at 4%. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. The province was formed when the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious boundaries in 1947 by the Radcliffe Line after Partition.[12]. Cotton and rice are important crops. Western Punjab was assimilated into the new country of Pakistan, while East Punjab became a part of modern-day India. Total Population of Pakistan is 207774520. After the Ghaznavids, Punjab became a part of different Muslim Empires like the Ghurids and later the various Delhi Sultanates which consisted mostly of Turkic peoples, Persians and Afghans as the leading elites in co-operation with some local Punjabi tribes and others. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Population Growth in Punjab Population growth in Punjab is below average in comparison with other populated states of India. Tours are accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. The major language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in a Perso-Arabic script in Pakistan). [56] It occupies 25.8% of the total landmass of Pakistan. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan He had his capital at Sagala in the Punjab (present-day Sialkot). According to Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is neither an official language of the province nor it is used as medium of education at any level. Oxford University Press. The capital of Punjab is Lahore. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. Ranjit Singh modernized his Sikh Khalsa army by using Franco-British principles and by employing veterans of the Napoleonic Wars to train the infantry in European style. Pakistani Punjab produces 68% of Pakistan's food grain production. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. Developing more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems to feed the future is a key challenge. Gandhara's language was a Prakrit or "Middle Indo-Aryan" dialect, usually called Gāndhārī. The city of Taxila, founded around 1000 BCE,[38] was reputed to house one of the earliest universities in the world. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. They generally mark the death anniversary of the saint. Urdu Waxes, Punjabi Wanes. Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[53]. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". &. Syed Ahmad Barelvi was an Indian Muslim who declared Jihad against the Sikhs by garnering support from local Pashtun tribesmen and attempted to create an Islamic state with strict enforcement of Sharia. Unlike neighbouring India, there was no large-scale redistribution of agricultural land. Saraiki is mostly spoken in south Punjab,[65] and Pashto, spoken in some parts of north west Punjab, especially in Attock District and Mianwali District near Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. In the composition of classical ragas, there are such masters as Malika-i-Mauseequi (Queen of Music) Roshan Ara Begum, Ustad Amanat Ali Khan, Salamat Ali Khan and Ustad Fateh Ali Khan. [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. The Indo-Scythians seem to have been followers of Buddhism, and many of their practices apparently continued those of the Indo-Greeks. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. population by province / region since 1951. population size and growth of major cities. Despite past animosities, the rural masses in Punjab's farms continue to use the Hindu calendar for planting and harvesting. Lahore and Gujranwala Divisions have the largest concentration of small light engineering units. It is also dominant in the manufacturing sector, though the dominance is not as huge, with historical contributions ranging from a low of 44% to a high of 52.6%. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. The Mughal emperor ceded control of the subahs that constituted Punjab namely the Lahore and Multan subahs over to Ahmad Shah Durrani. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. ", "This shows that Taxila was a seat not of elementary, but higher, education, of colleges or a university as distinguished from schools. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. The Punjab region thereafter became an important region of learning and culture in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets. The peace process between India and Pakistan, which began in earnest in 2004, has helped pacify the situation. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. One social/educational issue is the status of Punjabi language. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, the Sikh Empire became the last territory to be merged into British India. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. Punjab Literacy Rate 2011 Literacy rate in Punjab has seen upward trend and is 75.84 percent as per 2011 population census. Pakistan at 80: the next 10 years 110 million. [62], Punjab has the lowest poverty rates in Pakistan, although a divide is present between the northern and southern parts of the province. [4][5] Punjab is also the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India. [69][70] In September 2015, a case was filed in Supreme Court of Pakistan against Government of Punjab, Pakistan as it did not take any step to implement the Punjabi language in the province. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. Its population was estimated to be 30,045,949 in year 2017. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). In Indian Punjab, Hindus and Sikhs are the majority. It has a 1,046 kilometer coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. Ancient Taxila, another historic landmark also stands out as a proof of the achievements of the area in learning, arts and crafts. The current Chief Minister is Sardar Usman Buzdar He got elected as a result of 25 July 2018 elections. Within Punjab, the British Territory of 99,089 sq. The foothills of the Himalayas are found in the extreme north as well, and feature a much cooler and wetter climate, with snowfall common at higher altitudes. The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the head of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. His armies then entered the rest of the region with a rule up to modern-day Sialkot, Pakistan. Alam Lohar has made significant contributions to folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. It is also a major manpower contributor because it has the largest pool of professionals and highly skilled (technically trained) manpower in Pakistan. While 307 ventilators were in use across Pakistan, 44 per cent of them in ... Punjab has nearly twice the Sindh's population. The music on these occasions is essentially folk and appealing. There are a number of folk tales that are popular in different parts of the Punjab. The name Punjab means "the land of five waters," which refers to the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej Rivers, all of which are tributaries of the Indus River. ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan Administrative Subdivision. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Ranjit Singh expanded his empire so that by his death in 1839 his empire included most of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir. Full report of Punjab province population of census 2017.Complete detail of Punjab population facts and figure .Current population of Punjab province of Pakistan all detail of census . Indo-Scythians refers to Scythians (or Sakas), Iranian equestrian tribes who migrated into central and northern South Asia during the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. The rise of Islam also brought many settlers from Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Mongolia into the area. Trade unions and youth groups: Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union-Pakistan, Punjabi National Conference, National Youth Forum, Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union, Pakistan, and the Punjabi National Conference. It was here that some of the earliest signs of humans have been discovered during the excavations of prehistoric mounds. 1 June 2005. Dr Yasmin Rashid briefed the premier that more than 720,000 families in Punjab would get health cards by the end of December 31, 2021. Punjab also contains part of the Thal and Cholistan deserts. Having taken a northeasterly direction, he marched against the Aspii (mountaineers), who offered vigorous resistance, but were subdued. The Muslim musicians have contributed a large number of ragas to the repository of classical music. Ludhiana (Punjab, India): 1.6 million. 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