According to the UNHCR, more than 600, 000 Somali refugees are now residing in neighbouring countries (2011). [73] Although the camps' infrastructure … Eastleigh, Kenya – In a restaurant in Eastleigh, a noisy Nairobi suburb, Shariff Omar, a Kenyan Somali, reaches for a brown folder. Kenya's Eastleigh neighborhood is home to many Somalis. Somali Refugees Facing Camps Crisis! We use cookies to improve our service for you. DADAAB, Kenya, 25 July 2011 – Driving the nearly 100 kilometre sand road from the Somali border to the refugee camps in Dadaab, Kenya, is like an otherworldly odyssey across an … Kenya has lost a lot of soldiers fighting al-Shabab Islamists." The move brought the long-simmering tensions between the two neighbours to the surface and ushered in a tinderbox situation that will have wide-reaching geopolitical ramifications if not resolved quickly. Many Somali-owned businesses, especially those in the travel industry, say they are already bearing the brunt after the Somali government decided to revoke visas on arrival for Kenyans. More than 500,000 Somali refugees in Kenya are to be given the opportunity to return home after the UN refugee agency signed a tripartite agreement with the two countries' governments. But his family members weren’t refugees, and they weren’t born in Somalia – they were born in Kenya, and he says his father faked their refugee status in the 1990s to get into the US. Kenya has hosted more than 400,000 Somali refugees for two decades. Juliet Njau, a Kenyan national, told DW that Somalia is ungrateful for the support her country has provided to Somali refugees and its efforts to bring peace to Somalia. He is worried about how his business will continue to survive as the diplomatic tension resulted in his business's sharp decline. Kenya hosts the largest number of Somali refugees (more than 313,000 as of April 2017), most of concentrated in the Dadaab Refugee Complex, in Garissa County near the Somali border. A diplomatic spat between Kenya and Somalia is now affecting trade, particularly Somalis living in Kenya. Kenya, on the other hand, hosts hundreds of thousands of Somali refugees and is home to a large population of ethnic Somalis. Samuel L. Aronson puts it in simple words in the journal “Somali Refugees in Kenya: Security Deficiencies and Public Health Concerns as a Result of Ineffective Policy” by stating that the Kenyan government was required to accept refugees due to the fact that it is a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and Kenya also ratified the 1969 OAU Convention planning to refugees. Established in 1991 to provide refuge for families fleeing the Somali Civil War, Dadaab consists of four camps: Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo, and Ifo 2. Amnesty International calls on the Kenyan government, the UNHCR and the international community to stop these forced returns and offer alternative, sustainable and rights-respecting solutions. Omar's family settled in the Mombasa refugee camp in Kenya, where she raised three of her four children. While the Somali authorities have not yet disclosed the specific reasons behind their decision to cut diplomatic ties with Kenya, there are several well-known tension points in the two countries’ relations that likely paved the way for the move. At present, Kenya is the country, where largest proportions of the Somali refugees are seeking shelter. They advise that both Somalian and Kenyan leaders sit together and iron out their differences. The first camp was established in 1991, when refugees fleeing the civil war in Somalia started to cross the border into Kenya. Other major nationalities are South Sudanese (24.7%), Congolese (9%); Ethiopians (5.8%). The return of Somali refugees is 'no longer voluntary, dignified nor safe,' an aid agency has said. "Kenya has hosted a huge number of refugees from Somalia, mainly in Garissa county, northeastern Kenya, and Kakuma refugee camp. Omar was carrying her fourth child, a boy, when her husband who had returned to Somalia … It has also invested heavily in Somalia’s post-conflict reconstruction and hosted several conferences that played an important role in the success of peace-building efforts in Somalia. For years, Somali refugees have been used as a scapegoat for much of the insecurity and disorder that has plagued Kenya. This time, policymakers and domestic and international rights activists have noted with grave concern Kenya’s recent revocation of prima facie refugee status for Somalis, who constitute two-thirds of the nearly 600,000 refugees in Kenya. These refugees are part of a program for Somali refugees in Kenya to voluntarily return home. We hope this will end well.". Brexit gives the Tories a free hand to dismantle workers’ rights, Trump’s speech that ‘incited’ Capitol violence: Full transcript, Trump approves state of emergency declaration in US capital, A ‘bad sign’: World leaders and officials blast Twitter Trump ban, FBI warns of armed protests leading up to Biden swearing in, Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights. A Kenyan delegation visited Somaliland’s capital Hargeisa in July to discuss bilateral relations and in December, President Kenyatta hosted Somaliland leader Musa Bihi Abdi in Nairobi. … Professor Abdiwahab Abdisamad, a Kenyan academic, says, "the diplomatic rift between Kenya and Somalia requires both countries to revive previous bilateral agreements. Kenya has vowed to close Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world. According to the 2019 Kenya census, approximately 2,780,502 ethnic Somalis live in Kenya. Jubaland, one of Somalia’s five semi-autonomous states which border Kenya, is another source of tension between the two neighbours. Kenya accused of breaking international law for forcibly repatriating Somali refugees The return of Somali refugees is 'no longer voluntary, dignified nor safe,' an aid agency has said. We are brothers and sisters, we are neighbors, so it is good that we maintain the security of this nation," Njau added. More than 46,000 Somali refugees living in the Kenyan capital city of Nairobi are unregistered refugees. Despite all the aforementioned pressure points, the Somali and Kenyan governments need each other to ensure the future security and prosperity of their people. A fifth camp, Kambioos, was closed in February 2017. The Somali government openly condemned Kenya for destroying the towers, even though the authorities in Nairobi continue to deny any involvement in the attacks. Is Somalia ungrateful to Kenya? “Kenya has hosted a huge number of refugees from Somalia, mainly in Garissa county, northeastern Kenya, and Kakuma refugee camp. Treatment of Somali refugees in Kenya. A presidential election is scheduled to take place in the country on February 8, and once again President Farmaajo is trying to win the race by creating an outside enemy and stoking nationalist sentiment. Kenya seems to be failing to understand that no Somali leader in their right mind would dare an out of court settlement with Kenya since it would turn the public opinion against them. Somalia, where Khat is widely enjoyed, has long been Kenya’s main export market for the red-stemmed, chewable green shrub. For 2014, UNHCR’s planned resettlement submissions for Somali refugees are 5,883 refugees – 3,673 in Kenya and 2,210 in Ethiopia, respectively. Juliet Njau, a Kenyan national, told DW that Somalia is ungrateful for the support her country has provided to Somali refugees and its efforts to bring peace to Somalia. A similar committee can also be formed to resolve problems between the KDF, Somali forces and local administrations. On Tuesday, Kenyan foreign ministry spokesman Cyrus Oguna noted that Kenya had been "very kind" in accommodating some 200,000 Somalis at refugee camps. "It is the Kenyan leaders who were supposed to show patience and play a conciliatory role and help address the grievances expressed by the Somali government," Ali said. "Before the diplomatic rift, we used to send each day four cargo flights to Mogadishu, but the flights are now limited to one only. Somalia cut diplomatic relations with neighboring Kenya on Tuesday, accusing it of meddling in politics. At the same time, the government launched a security operation aimed at rooting … Despite having internal displacement and refugee crises of their own, countries like Yemen and Ethiopia have a long-standing history of welcoming refugees from Somalia. Please make sure to include your name and your country. Earlier this year, the Kenyan government announced that all urban refugees must report to refugee camps. Mar 9, 2014 - Explore Asha's Refuge's board "Somali Refugees" on Pinterest. Other African powers and regional bodies should also move to put pressure on Somalia and Kenya to swiftly restore their diplomatic relations and resolve their grievances through dialogue. | Mobile version, Somalia cut diplomatic relations with neighboring Kenya, Kenya has lost a lot of soldiers fighting al-Shabab Islamists, the grievances expressed by the Somali government. The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera’s editorial stance. "In case they failed to act accordingly, then the Somali government as a sovereign nation has every right to take such a decision, and this will result in new negotiations between the two countries.". The trade of Khat, a herbal stimulant widely grown in Kenya, is currently at the heart of the trade disagreements between the two nations. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which counts both Somalia and Kenya among its members, can also help bring the dispute to an end. Refugee Population in Kenya As of 31 December 2013, the total number of registered refugees and asylum-seekers with UNHCR in Kenya stood at 587,223. Somalia is also discontented with Kenya’s refusal to issue visas to its citizens on arrival, despite such an arrangement being agreed to in 2019 during a meeting between President Mohamed Farmaajo and his Kenyan counterpart, Uhuru Kenyatta. The Jubaland dispute, meanwhile, can also be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy. Domestic politics has also played a role in Somalia’s decision to sever diplomatic ties with Kenya. “Kenya, it should be noted, is a Troop-Contributing Country to AMISOM, and hosts a large community of Somali refugees,” Faki said referring to the African Union forces in Somalia, to which Kenya Defence Forces have sent troops. © 2021 Deutsche Welle | The trade bloc already started putting pressure on Somalia to resolve its diplomatic tiff with Kenya during its 38th Extraordinary Assembly in late December and convinced Mogadishu to “take the first steps” to resolve the dispute. Somalia and Kenya can take several steps, together and independently, to ease current tensions and resolve outstanding issues: A committee consisting of Somali and Kenyan technocrats can be tasked with mapping the issues and grievances between the two nations and offering policy recommendations. Ethiopia, which has close ties to both countries and has recently played a leading role in the resolution of many regional conflicts, can take steps to bring the two administrations to the negotiating table. “Kenya, it should be noted, is a Troop-Contributing Country to AMISOM, and hosts a large community of Somali refugees,” Faki said referring to the African Union forces in Somalia, to which Kenya Defence Forces have sent troops. Amnesty International calls on the Kenyan government, the UNHCR and the international community to stop these forced returns and offer alternative, sustainable and rights-respecting solutions. KENYA Somali Refugees I. Over 267,000 refugees face being returned to war-torn Somalia. Somaliland, the northwestern region that declared independence from Somalia in 1991, is another source of conflict between Mogadishu and Nairobi. In the meantime, Somalia is accusing Kenya of using its military presence in the region to support and maintain a regional government that it considers “unfriendly”. As of April 30, 2017, UNHCR estimated that a… Dadaab is a semi-arid town in Garissa County, Kenya.It is the site of a UNHCR base hosting 211,365 registered refugees and asylum seekers in three camps (Dagahaley, Hagadera and Ifo,) as of the 13 May 2019, making it the third-largest such complex in the world. Over 267,000 refugees face being returned to war-torn Somalia. These refugees are part of a program for Somali refugees in Kenya to voluntarily return home. “I was happy to go back home when I was assured of good security, education and food,” he said. Kenya has lost a lot of soldiers fighting al-Shabab Islamists. Send us a text at +49-160-9575 9510. International SMS charges apply. The huge 2008 increase in Somali refugees entering Kenya has placed a massive strain on Dadaab's refugee camps. About half a million Somali refugees are said to be living in refugee camps in Kenya. Among these individuals are a number of ethnically Somali international migrants, around 300,000 of whom inhabit the wider East and South Africa regions. Kenya Interior Ministry Representative said that this is the time for Somali refugees to safely return home. As of February 2011, more than 320,000 refugees were registered in the Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya – most of them Somalis- and this number is growing rapidly. Somali refugees look through a barbwire fence in Dagahale, one of the several refugee settlements in Dadaab, Garissa County, northeastern Kenya in 2013. The dark side of Israel’s vaccine success story, The police in the US must enforce pandemic measures. [1] While Kenya leads calls for repatriation, UNHCR, Somalia and donor States also favour repatriation. Returns to Somalia from Dadaab have massively accelerated since the Kenyan government announced plans to close the camp in May 2016. Businessman Abukar Hassan Dhakane who has worked in the transport sector for the last 16 years, said that this would have a huge impact on them as a merchant. With the help of a U.N. voluntary repatriation program, he returned to Somalia after spending all his teenage years in Kenya’s sprawling Dadaab refugee resettlement. The Dadaab refugee complex has a population of 218,873 registered refugees and asylum seekers as at the end of July 2020. Among them is Ahmed who has been waiting with his … It should be recalled that Kenya's government, which did not comment Tuesday directly on the latest rebuke, had in early 2019 recalled its ambassador after Mogadishu decided to auction oil and gas blocks. With the severance of diplomatic ties, it became clear that the “wait-and-see” attitude both countries assumed in regards to their bilateral problems is not working. Researcher and analyst of Somali affairs. Thousands of Somali refugees who were pressured into leaving the Dadaab camp in Kenya are now facing drought, starvation and renewed displacement in Somalia, Amnesty International said today. The largest resettlement programme managed by IOM Kenya is the United States Refugee Admissions Programme (USRAP). Nearly half a million Somali refugees camping in the Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps in the East African country of Kenya are facing a tough Ramadan this year due to restrictions imposed to stem the spread of COVID-19, or novel coronavirus, pandemic. A second large influx occurred in 2011, when some 130,000 refugees arrived, fleeing drought and famine in … The dispute now rests with the International Court of Justice, but Kenya is still trying to reach an out of court settlement. Somali refugees are often perceived as a security threat. Ali said even if the current leadership is replaced and a new government takes over, the Somali people's will for governance, the rule of law, and respect for their nation's sovereignty will remain. Somali children repatriated from Kenya’s Dadaab camp play in a camp for displaced people in Mogadishu. The alleged misconduct of the KDF forces is not undermining only the relations between Somalia and Kenya but also regional security. Mar 9, 2014 - Explore Asha's Refuge's board "Somali Refugees" on Pinterest. Indeed, Somalia is currently home to tens of thousands of Kenyan workers who play an important role in the country’s corporate, aid, service and hospitality sectors. If both nations acknowledge this fact and allow for claims of misconduct to be independently investigated, they can eventually come up with an effective security strategy acceptable to both sides and keep their border areas secure. Kenya hosts the largest number of Somali refugees (more than 313,000 as of April 2017), most of concentrated in the Dadaab Refugee Complex, in Garissa County near the Somali border. At the end of the visit, the two leaders announced closer relations in a joint statement, with Kenya committing to opening a consulate in Somaliland by the end of March. Poor Kenyan Somalis registered as Dadaab refugees to access benefits, but say they are now being refused nationality. Somali refugees in Kenya trapped between ration cuts and war at home Somali refugees in Kenya are free to choose whether to go home, a senior UN official said on Tuesday, despite the fact that many families said that the debts accumulated to feed their children after cuts in rations they are forced to return to the war zone. One reason for this is their back-and-forth cross-border movements and the fact that they are difficult to differentiate from Kenyan citizens of Somali ethnic descent who have traditionally faced marginalization and … In May, the government vowed to close the Dadaab refugee camp by the … The bottom line is that Somalia and Kenya cannot afford bad blood. 4. However, Njau also added that "Kenya should respect Somalia's sovereignty and stop political meddling. Dadaab refugee complex consists of three camps. More than 46,000 Somali refugees living in the Kenyan capital city of Nairobi are unregistered refugees. Kenyan Defense Forces (KDF) serving under AMISOM in Somalia are facing criticism for allegedly targeting Somali telecommunications towers, which are crucial to the local economy as they are used not only for communication but also for monetary transactions, under the guise of trying to break al-Shabab’s communication channels. UNHCR faces a major challenge in finding solutions for newly arrived Somalia refugees in Kenya. If they are to move beyond this crisis and build a strong neighbourly alliance, a massive paradigm shift in the way the two countries relate to each other is needed. In December, Somalia cut diplomatic ties with Kenya accusing it of repeatedly “meddling in its internal affairs” and “violating its sovereignty”. Many refugees living in Kenya’s sprawling Dadaab camp, home to at least 263,000 Somalis, say they have agreed to return home because they fear Kenya … "We have a lot of commonality between these two countries," said Oguna. In May, the government vowed to close the Dadaab refugee camp by the end of … And what will happen to the Somali refugees in Kenya? Kenya wants to close down the Dadaab refugee camp, home to over 280,000 refugees, by November. Kenya has hosted more than 400,000 Somali refugees for two decades. The center is run by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and its operations are financed by foreign donors. Moreover, rather than acting as if all of the regional state’s problems are tied to Kenya, they should treat the issue as a domestic one. Kenya hosts a large asylum-seeking and refugee population, which at present is managed jointly by the country’s Department of Refugee Affairs (DRA) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) under the 2006 Refugees Act and the 2009 Refugees Regulations. Local authorities in Jubaland claim Mogadishu is seeking to remove the state’s President Ahmed Madobe, a key ally of Nairobi, and put a loyalist in power to increase central control. Dadaab refugee camp, one of the world's biggest, hosts at least 300,000 Somali refugees. Among these individuals are a number of ethnically Somali international migrants, around 300,000 of whom inhabit the wider East and South Africa regions. They face violations to their human rights, discrimination and there is no humanitarian authority to protect them from the Kenyan police harassment. Issues like the trade imbalance, Khat exports, visa regimes, and border security can be resolved swiftly and effectively if both governments commit to following the recommendations of this technical and bilateral committee. a war zone. A year without Soleimani: Will Iran retreat regionally? Moi exclaimed that, “although Kenya showed hospitality by accommodating refugees from Somalia, they [refugees] abused their welcome by bringing illegal firearms into the country.” He went on to say that “Somalis were to blame for the current state of insecurity in Kenya” (Murunga 2005). 42 Somali refugees returned to the Horn of African country from Dadaab Refugee Camp in Kenya as part of the voluntary repatriation program on Saturday. "Unlike before, Kenyan citizens have to apply for visas at the Somali embassy in Nairobi, which leaves a huge burden on our business," Hassan Dhakane told DW. But the two nations should not be left to deal with this multifaceted dispute on their own. Neither Somalia nor Kenya can afford the multifaceted dispute that led to the severance of ties turning into a protracted crisis. Kenya has ordered all urban-based Somali refugees to move into designated camps because of "emergency security challenges", a minister says. The vast majority of Somali refugees are living in neighboring countries Kenya (256,186), Yemen (250,500) and Ethiopia (192,082). Somali refugees have fled to Kenya in significant numbers since the early 1990s. A . In May 2016, Kenya announced that "hosting refugees has to come to an end", that Somali asylum seekers would no longer automatically get refugee status and … The Somali Refugees in Kenya! Many believe this was the main reason behind the latest escalation in tensions. Contact Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Somali Refugees Live Desperate Existence In Camps In Neighboring Kenya sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. DADAAB REFUGEES CAMP, Kenya – Somali refugees in Kenya are free to choose whether to go home, a senior UN official said on Tuesday, despite the fact that many families said that the debts accumulated to feed their children later of cuts in the rations force them to return to their homes. Barre Ali, a Somali living in Nairobi, told DW that Somalia, being an independent country, is free to make its own decisions. Legal notice | The Somali diaspora also has significant investments in Kenya due to the relatively favourable working and market conditions in the country. They face violations to their human rights, discrimination and there is no humanitarian authority to protect them from the Kenyan police harassment. It is safe to say this case, whose final hearing is due in March 2021, has influenced how Nairobi treats Mogadishu. Even though movement in and out of the camps are banned, aid agencies have been exempted. In 2014, for example, UNHCR submitted only 4,325 Somali refugees in Kenya for resettlement, representing 1 percent of the Somali refugee population in the country. Persons … Those severed ties were restored in November last year. The refugees left Dadaab, the world’s largest refugee camp in eastern Kenya, last week but they have been told by the International Organization for Migration that their Monday flights have been cancelled “because of Trump’s orders,” said Suleiman Yusuf, a Somali refugee who is a teacher. The trade imbalance between the neighbours and Kenya’s repeated suspension of cross-border trade activities in recent years due to “security concerns” is one of these tension points. These ethnic Somalis are distinct from the Bantus and other minorities of Somalia, who according to USAID constitute most of the estimated 413,170 refugees from Somalia in Kenya. The move was seen by many as an attempt by Mogadishu to use Khat as a bargaining chip in its efforts to establish a more balanced trade relationship with Nairobi. On November 30, Somalia expelled Kenya’s ambassador and recalled its own envoy from Nairobi, accusing Kenya of interfering in the electoral process in the state. The Somali Refugees in Kenya! Neither Somalia nor Kenya can afford the dispute turning into a protracted crisis: The two East African nations share a long land border and have strong socioeconomic ties. Refugee Agency. Observers think that leaders from both countries need to de-escalate the current tensions. Kenya and Somalia are also at odds due to a spat over maritime borders, with possibly lucrative Indian Ocean oil and gas reserves at stake. In Eastleigh, a neighborhood in the capital Nairobi popular with Somalis and Kenyans of Somali descent, there are fears that the sour relations between the two neighbors will grossly affect their businesses. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Today, he is clearly trying to do the same with Kenya. ", Kenya contributes a huge peacekeeping force in Somalia. As of early October 2011, there were some 908,000 Somali refugees registered in neighbouring countries, with Kenya hosting some 511,000 – more than half. Farmajo’s government and supporters are also pushing the narrative that opposition groups in the country contesting his presidential bid are pro-Kenya and hence “traitors”. Moreover, Kenya is one of the countries contributing troops to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and the two nations are currently fighting against a shared enemy that is threatening their safety and stability: Al-Shabab. But his family members weren’t refugees, and they weren’t born in Somalia – they were born in Kenya, and he says his father faked their refugee status in the 1990s to get into the US. The voluntary repatriation program has recently been disrupted due to the spread of COVID-19. What will happen to humanitarian work in Somalia that is administered from Nairobi? ", Somalia's President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmaajo accuses Kenya of interference. They can still choose the path of diplomatic sanity, engage in talks, and prevent a physical confrontation that would be devastating not only for their own nations but also for the wider region. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Somali Refugees Live Desperate Existence In Camps In Neighboring Kenya in höchster Qualität. These ethnic Somalis are distinct from the Bantus and other minorities of Somalia, who according to USAID constitute most of the estimated 413,170 refugees from Somalia in Kenya. Somali refugees living in camps in Kenya are in limbo because of US President Donald Trump’s immigration ban. "Kenya has hosted a huge number of refugees from Somalia, mainly in Garissa county, northeastern Kenya, and Kakuma refugee camp. An estimated 219,000 Somali civil war refugees have been living in Kenya's Dadaab refugee complex, one of the world's largest refugee camps, since 1991, according to the U.N. Prior to the 2016 election, Farmaajo presented Ethiopia as an enemy that only he can successfully confront and this narrative helped him obtain the presidency. There is still a clear path to peaceful coexistence and neighbourly cooperation and the two nations should get on it before its too late. Got an opinion about the stories making headlines? 15 With the number of Somali refugees nearly treble what is was in 2006, dealing with this situation will remain a key political issue in Kenya in the months and years to come. The Horn of Africa has not known peace since the fall of dictator Siad Barre in 1991. Most Somali refugees flee to Kenya’s northeastern Dadaab, located in Garissa County, while most people fleeing armed conflict in South Sudan arrive in Kenya’s northern Kakuma, the UNHCR said. Before the fallout, Dhakane dispatched four cargo planes of merchandise to Somalia daily. The fact remains that Somalia, as a country, has been politically unstable for much of its post-colonial existence. The Treatment of Somali Refugees in Kenya and Ethiopia; Jan 10th, 2021. It also withdrew its diplomats from Kenya and gave Kenyan diplomats seven days to leave Mogadishu. In the end, neither Kenya nor Somalia has much to gain from a protracted conflict. Privacy Policy | There is too much at stake in terms of trade, tourism, humanitarian work, cultural ties, and security wise. The Somali authorities, rather than taking punitive measures against Kenya such as expelling its ambassador, should directly discuss their grievances over the issue with Kenya’s leaders. The U.S. has asked Kenya to ensure the return is voluntary and humane. Kenya has vowed to close Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world. Known as the African Union Mission in Somalia, the forces are meant to stabilise the country and work under the mandate of the UN Security Council. IOM Nairobi facilitates resettlement from Kenya, Burundi, Somalia, South Sudan, Djibouti and Eritrea, to a number of countries including the United States, Canada , Australia, New Zealand, and over 10 European countries, under Government sponsored resettlement projects. Refugee Agency. Somali refugees in Kenya have found themselves facing these questions following the signing of a TA in November 2013 between the governments of Kenya and Somalia and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR). 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