There are even some varieties that grow as much as 4 feet in height per day. They are native to Korea and Japanese regions like Kyushu, Honshu, and Honshu. The scientific name, Fargesia, was given to them in honor of a French botanist called Père Paul Guillaume Farges. But if you choose the right type and species of bamboo, you will see there's a lot to love about these amazing plants. Pseudosasa japonica is commonly known as Japanese arrow bamboo. This means that the flooring can be constructed in different ways to make different types of bamboo flooring. This nearly led to the loss of the art of basket making, which is still an important part of the economy of the Cherokee people. Has many thorny branches, and small leaves. Solid near base, straight and thick walled, striped near the base. This River Cane Bamboo can be found in many different places since it grows in pine, oak, ash, cottonwood, and cypress forests. [15] Under Genus Guadua, you will get 20 more subspecies that can … Culms are square, yellow, have a few green stripes, and rounded corners. May be the same as. The arrow bamboo is a cold-hardy species can tolerate temperatures till 0 °F/−17.7 °C. The Cherokee have always used this species of bamboo for basketry, as well as maintain canebrakes through periodic burning and cutting. Culms with short internodes, covered with white powder when young, usually arch strongly, shoots often eaten. Types of Bamboo in India. He is sometimes eating 14 hours a day and then works at least ten, but sometimes sixty kilos of bamboo inside. Although it's a little more complicated than this, the two main different types within bamboo species are basically; running bamboo (Monopodial) and clumping bamboo (Sympodial). The bamboo is partially deciduous even in mild winters. Bamboo, (subfamily Bambusoideae), subfamily of tall treelike grasses of the family Poaceae, comprising more than 115 genera and 1,400 species. Leaves can be up to 20 inches (510 mm) long, and 4 inches (100 mm) wide. Other species are used as ornamental plants even though they are prone to cause trouble. In the tribe Bambuseae also known as bamboo, there are 91 genera and over 1,000 species. Fargesia is a clumping bamboo that belongs to the flowering plant section of the grass family. Classification and origin uncertain. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. The leaves are about 7 inches (180 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide. There are more than 1,450 species of bamboo plants. Before you can just pick any bamboo on the market for construction, check out the list below to know which type will be ideal for construction. Solid bamboo flooring bears its name because it is made up of pieces of solid bamboo. Phil.) Culms and base of new culm sheaths both have purple streaks. Some authorities consider it an intergeneric hybrid between Phillostachys nigra var. Classification uncertain. It flowers annually. Native to the United States. Strand woven bamboo flooring complies with European standards of quality because most of the equipment comes from Germany. Bamboo plants are an amazing plant? It has two main subspecies called the Arundinaria Gigantea and ssp. Running bamboo exhibits monopodial or leptomorph rhizomes that are known for the independent undergrounds stems they produce. Bamboo Flooring Grain Types. This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. [10] Bambusa strita. Persistent pale red culm sheaths that are much longer than internodes. You can start a bamboo garden in front of your front door, it will increase your house’s beauty. [14] Culms have yellow sulci. Thin walled drooping, a bamboo that is often confused with. It can grow up to 91–122 centimetres/day (3.8-5.0 centimetres/hr). The only reason why bamboo is used in the production of this fabric instead of another type of wood is reduced manufacturing costs; the benefits of this fiber are not present in its viscose form, and consumers should be wary of the conflating this type of textile with true mechanically-produced bamboo fabric. It just grow there because of the nutrition it gets from water that came from houses, and also the sun light making it faster to grow. Bamboo, though in the grass family, is woody in nature and is widely recognised as one of the fastest growing woody plants ever known to man. These grayish-green bamboos grow in close clumps and usually reach a height of 30 meters (98 feet). Initially powdery white, but this goes away. Running bamboos spread fast and can cover an area quickly. Bamboos are a diverse group of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the subfamily Bambusoideae of the grass family Poaceae.The origin of the word "bamboo" is uncertain, but it probably comes from the Dutch or Portuguese language, which originally borrowed it from Malay or Kannada.. It grows incredibly quickly, producing shoots that are able to grow 12 inches in just one day. The black bamboo is identified by this unique feature since it helps the bamboo spread aggressively through underground rhizomes. Has little leaves on small branches that completely surround the nodes. Has pear shaped culms, and is one of the shortest species in the entire genus. Both clumping and running bamboos spread, however running bamboos are considered invasive because, if not managed properly, they can quickly take over the garden. The leaves grow up to 5-13 inches in length. Spreading bamboo, also called running bamboo, will cover any distance up to 100 feet (30.5 m) within a relatively short time period. The split culms are used for making mats, baskets and fences. Bamboo viscose: This type of bamboo fabric is nearly identical to other types of viscose. Often sold as a decorative hedge. Woody bamboos have leaves that are ligule and form a culm and sheath for protecting the shoots. Lucky bamboo brings luck according to chinese culture. They grow up to a height of 8m or 26 feet. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. Golden culms with green nodes and thin dropping leaves. Thick walled culms with shoots that are edible raw. Has erect culms, short branches, and wide leaves. Has small leaves, and is a vining species. Type # 10. Forms a thick clump of thick walled culms. Bamboo flooring is extremely versatile and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives. Have flexible culms, and sweet shoots. Clumpers grow from the soil in a slowly expanding tuft. The botanical name for this type of bamboo is ‘monopodial bamboo’ (Bambusa bambos) and is known to grow in colder climates. They are wildfire tolerant but easily flood. There are more than 1,300 types of bamboo worldwide. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. There are many branches at each node. In pots it becomes dwarf, and has swollen internodes. Dwarf Green Stripe bamboo’s scientific name is Pleioblastus. Let’s start with the first one. It is typically a yellow-brown color and can even survive in containers and near salty air. Have about 15 closely spaced two-rank leaves. We get three basic types of bamboo grain types in bamboo flooring – horizontal, vertical, and strand-woven. henonsis and Sasa veitchii f. tyugokensis. Deep purple almost black culms, with faint green stripes. The bamboo is native to Thailand, Myanmar, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, India, and Bangladesh. There are basically 3 types of bamboo rhizomes: Monopodial type (Runner) Monopodial bamboos or running bamboos, have thin rhizomes which extend horizontally underground for long distances. Regarded by some authorities as a synonym for, AKA P. heterocycla, P. pubescens, P. heterocycla, P. mitis, Bambusa edulis, B. heterocycla. These canes start out with a chalky white residue covering them, but as they age, they take on a faded dark blue through to pale green color. They are the favorite food of the cute Giant Pandas. He is sometimes eating 14 hours a day and then works at least ten, but sometimes sixty kilos of bamboo inside. Dark and arching, and has yellow shoots. For gardeners, the temperature zones that bamboo grows best in are zones 4 through 10. Common Types of Bamboo Used in Construction . Types of Bamboo in India. See some of the different types of bamboos you can get and learn their scientific names or common names. Bamboo flooring comes in a variety of types. A single individual cane can live for about a decade. Degenerated leaves and roots grow on the nodes of the rhizome, and there is one bud on every node. It has only recently been added to the world's bamboo inventory. Strand woven bamboo floors are produced by stripping young Moso or Mao bamboo stalks. Running Bamboo is categorized after its rooting characteristics. Culm sheaths have orange stripes. Three running bamboo varieties that are very cold hardy include: Golden Grove; Black bamboo; Kuma bamboo; Two cold hardy clumping bamboo plant types are: Chinese Mountain; Umbrella bamboo often confused with Drepanostachyum. New shoots and leaves have a marbled texture in cream and dark purple. Dark green leaves, and red-brown culm sheaths. Places those are dry or wet for the most part of the year. Conventional Viscose Rayon derived from bamboo isn’t planet-friendly. Bamboo is available in many species. Clumping bamboos grow in clumps. Yellow internodes with green stripes. Bamboo Flooring Grain Types. Bamboo flooring is extremely versatile and durable and stronger than most hardwood alternatives. The diameter of the culm is 1.5” or 4 cm with dark green color and yellow groove. Culms are dark green. If you want to grow the bamboo yourself, you will need to be sure that it’s suitable for your climate and soil type. Has bright green leaves. They are an invasive species that need to be grown in containers or restricted artificially. They run along beneath the soil’s surface and produce small plantlets at the nodes. A Bamboo plant takes about seven to eight years to reach full maturity. Chusquea Culeou is commonly known as the Chilean bamboo and is a species of the flowering plant of the Poaceae grass family. Bambusa strita. The Giant Bamboo known as the Dendrocalamus Giganteus is a giant subtropical and tropic clumping bamboo. New shoots are yellow with green stripes, maturing to a darker yellow with dark green stripes. (This doesn’t mean that how and where the bamboo is grown for this type of flooring complies with American and European standards.) Can have up to 70 branches per node. It uses a large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread. Edible meaning a satisfactory to delicious taste, because even though some bamboo shoots are classified as edible, they must be carefully prepared and boiled before consuming! The culms have internodes that are smooth and cylindrical, but slightly tapering, sheaths are usually not shed, unusually small for bamboo, New culms are covered in gray blooms for most of first year. The Guadua is an important American bamboo since it is widely used for the construction of houses in coasts and river banks of Ecuador and Colombia. Running bamboos, also known as invasive bamboos, produce long rhizomes (underground stems), which grow away from the main plant and will spread rampantly if not contained. Spreading bamboo, also called running bamboo, will cover any distance up to 100 feet (30.5 m) within a relatively short time period. The new culms appear next to the parent plant and only spread a few inches annually. 53, No. This bamboo type is mostly found in Uruguay to all the way to Trinidad and northern Mexico. Runners send underground rhizomes to produce shoots several metres from the parent plant. Does not yet have a real scientific name. Types of Bamboo Flooring. [5] Has edible shoots, and is used to make paper in India. [16] If they aren’t removed properly, they can become invasive. When dried, the color turns to a brownish green and has a smooth surface. Slender culms, nodding top, graceful leaves. Culms are 2 to 3 m high and about 1.2 cm diameter. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long and striped culms. It is famous for growing very quickly since it can grow up to 91–122 centimeters in a single day. Thick walls, lower culms zigzag, nodes are swollen and have white hairs. Nodes have spine like roots. Lower half of culms are blue and have no branches. Some of the buds grow into new underground rhizomes, some grow into shoots and develop into stems. However, not all bamboo species are good for construction. While some could be easily placed at different places in your home, some others would be too massive in structure or evasive in nature to be brought in your residence. Native to the Indo-china, this bamboo can grow 17-32 feet in height and up to 4-8 centimeters in diameter. They can grow up to 8-25 feet, depending on the species of bamboo. It flowers annually. It also tolerates light frosts. Types of Bamboo Poles. It is also used as reinforcement of concrete, scaffolding, ladders, house frames in walls, tiles, and floor coverings. Culms are green, covered with whitish brown hair, and become brownish green when drying. The leaves are yellow with irregular green stripes. They are also used to make trutruca, which is a musical instrument. And with that, we have arrived at the very end of this extensive guide on all the different types of bamboo plants you could generally come across or want to plant indoors or around your house. Erect with long internodes. [17], Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. Type # 10. Bamboo Types . New shoots start in fall or winter. Comes from Mexico. Listed below are the major types of bamboos. Has many equal sized branches on each node. Green glabrous culms, sheath turns brown, from green. A giant tropical bamboo that has tough culms with long branches. Monastery bamboo, Umbrella bamboo, Thai umbrella bamboo, or Umbrella-handle bamboo … Bamboo is one of the most sought after plants to create fantastic decorations in any type of garden. Other genera of Mid-sized Running Bamboo including Pseudosasa, Chimonobambusa, Arundinaria, Semiarundinaria, etc. Erect, thick walled, and lower culms have branches and yellow stripes. Bamboo species are mainly divided into two main types: runners and clumpers. Culm sheaths become red, leaves are small. Strongly arched culms with narrow leaves. They have hair lanceolate leaves that have a spine of the end, and their flowers are a light brown color. Sizes Bamboo sizes are generally specified by minimum diameter, wall thickness and length. The larger species of the black bamboo is known as timber bamboo since it is often used to make furniture and in construction. 1. Leaves have white stripes, and culms have green sulci. Comes from. 33% of the species grow naturally in Latin America, and the last 7%, give or take a few species, grow in the Africa and Oceana regions of the world. As the name implies, the clumping bamboo grows in clumps just as you planted it, while the running bamboo propagates with its roots moving up to 100 m under the ground and shooting up somewhere else. It grows in wet habitats and is a perennial grass type. Generally tropical bamboo, usually with many branches. (Dr. W. Y. Hsiung). 13 Different Types of Bamboo For Home and Garden. Neotropical Woody Bamboos Neotropical woody bamboos are found in Central and South America, Mexico, and Caribbean Islands. Grows at a very high altitude, and has small spiky blue leaves. Bamboo is largely seen in the Asian, American and Australian regions. It is native … White powder covered, arched culms that start out purple. As you can see, we include 10 in total, kinds of Bamboo that you can find across the archipelago. It has lance-shaped leaves, and its inflorescence has panicles or racemes. This means that the flooring can be constructed in different ways to make different types of bamboo flooring. [9] Chinese dwarf A lush and bushy bamboo, Chinese dwarf (Bambusa guangxiensis) is a beautiful compact plant, which makes an excellent small privacy screen, pot plant or … Types of Bamboo Indonesia. It is a moderate to large species of bamboo known as the largest Neotropical bamboo types in the world. It is widely cultivated in temperate regions and is native to southwestern Argentina, humid forests of Chile, and rainforests of Valdivia. [13] Bamboo species are mainly divided into two main types: runners and clumpers. Has small delicate leaves. Some types are very cold hardy. Buddha Bamboo. Has green internodes, and bends slightly at the top. After the European settlement on their lands, the practice was halted which led to depletion of River Cane Bamboo numbers. Bamboo is a grass, not a type of wood. Culms brownish red, and culm sheaths have a. Internodes near the base are shorter, and all internodes have short yellow hair. In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. An unidentified giant timber bamboo found by Jim Parker in, Male bamboo, solid bamboo, Calcutta bamboo, Clumping, clinging bamboo that grows native in. Nodes are slightly swollen. Culms branch out after first winter. Himalayacalamus species have one dominant branch; Drepanostachyum have many equal branches. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. Culms and branches are light green with dark green stripes. Chilean bamboo is a very important plant since it controls the patterns of forest dynamics. [1], Bamboo species can be divided into clumpers and runners. The clumping and running species. [12] Right around 500 unique types of bamboo has found in our universe even in some cases inside several subspecies can check their quality. This evergreen bamboo is native to South America and is generally a frost tolerant species. Thin-walled culms are covered with white powder. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. New culms are light blue, and as they age they become yellow with thin striae. However, not all bamboo species are good for construction. Arching bamboo with yellow culms. A dwarf species with tiny leaves under 1 inch (25 mm) long. Tribes Arundinarieae Bambuseae Olyreae Diversity >1,462 (known species) … Bamboo belongs to the grass family and is technically called the Poaceae. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. Comes from Mexico. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Medium-sized, but grows taller in shade. Bamboo evolved only 30 to 40 million years ago, after the demise of the dinosaurs. There are more than 1,300 types of bamboo worldwide. Blooming periods can last for 60 years and the plant dies after releasing its seeds. Bambu Tutul (Bambusa maculata) Types Of Bamboo 1. Some … Native to. Of the many kinds of species of bamboo out there, 64% of the varieties of bamboo growing naturally do so within the Southeast Asia regions. Young culms are hairy. As a specialty bamboo nursery, our collection includes many varieties of clumping and running bamboos from around the world. Very thin culms and tight clumps. On the lower surface of purple branches, the leaves are pubescent. That means that it actually grows up to 3.8-5.0 centimeters in an hour! Slender with glabrous culms and culm sheaths. Because he cannot digest this food as a predator, he has to eat a lot of it. 1. Has slightly drooping internodes, flat nodes, thick walls, thin creamy yellow stripes, and a thin layer of white powder on it. 375-397, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_bamboo_species&oldid=994217152, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Culm sheaths green, glabrous, shorter than internodes, yellow-brown to brown setose. Running bamboos, also known as invasive bamboos, produce long rhizomes (underground stems), which grow away from the main plant and will spread rampantly if not contained. [8] Comes from, Has many large, equal sized branches on each node. "Every day our written language reminds us of the antiquity of China's partnership with bamboo." Golden yellow culms with green stripes that look like paint dripping down the culm. Cold-sensitive Clumping Bamboo for mild climates including Bambusa, Otatea, Himalayacalamus. Same as above but with variegated white leaves in spring that later fade to green. Unlike the common bamboo trees that you’d see outside, the Buddha Bamboo primarily serves the function of an ornamental plant and is stored in small containers. Which types of bamboo products are bad for the environment? Look no further than Bamboo Creations Nursery, your specialist in bamboo plants Melbourne. Stiff, red culms with small leaves. Though bamboo is a common plant that grows in most regions, they are best suited to the tropical climate. It is extensively found in India, Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh and the Indo-China region. Can grow at very low temperatures. Bamboos are either classed as running or clump-forming bamboos. The bottom side of the leaves of this bamboo is covered in fine hair. sengteeanum, Acidosasa chienouensis in Flora of China @ efloras.org, online conversion calculators for temperature, length/ distance, area, volume and weight, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", Valiha and Cathariostachys, Two New Bamboo Genera (Gramineae-Bambusoideae) from Madagascar. Image source: Bamboo plants HQ. Some species can also be grown as bonsai trees. Running Bamboo As the name suggests, it is the type of bamboo that can spread easily into a large open space. Over-exploitation has led to the depletion of its natural numbers. It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. Leaves also have white stripes. A one-member genus distributed in western South America and Brazil. The culms of the bamboo are straight and have a powdery appearance. Green clums with light green stripes near node rings. The roots are often eaten, and are said to be delicious. It is commonly found growing along river banks in low and high altitudes. This bamboo occurs in the Nilgiris, Palghat and Tinnevelly, in South India, at an elevation of 1800-2600 m. It forms a gregarious undergrowth in the evergreen sholas. Light ring of hair around new culm nodes, and a loose sheath blade. New shoots appear in late fall. It goes rather quickly and can grow up to 40 cm a day in favorable conditions. Bamboo evolved around 30-40 million years ago after the dinosaurs died out. It is native to the south-central and southeastern regions of the United States like Texas, Oklahoma, and Maryland. Now if you live in Florida, that’s great. The cane of the bamboo could grow up to 6m and was initially used by Aboriginal tribes to make the pole of their spears. The bamboo is even used for its mechanical properties as vegetable steel. Nodes have a ring of root thorns. Side branches have soft spines. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. These special clumping bamboos are actually known as the world’s hardiest bamboos but aren’t an invasive species. Bamboo Plants Types. The cane has a rounded, hollow stem which can grow up to 10m or 33 ft tall. Many other plants like the creeping blueberry, wax myrtle, blue huckleberry, and more use it as a support system. Yellow groove bamboo is one of the medium-high bamboo types which is around 15 to 30 feet or 5 to 9 meters. Indigenous to. Alphonse Karr. Tall thorny bamboo indigenous to India and, A small green bamboo with narrow leaves. [6] The canes are found on pine barrens, savannas, pocosins, bogs, floodplains, riparian woods, and more. Many species put in this genus were later transferred to different genera. Photo credit: Dhahabu. This variety can spread to about 100km away from the parent plant, making it a fast growing invasive plant. Clumping mountain bamboo that has many equal branches. A man-made cultivar, made in 1907, that lasted until the 1980s, when it was lost to cultivation. Has swollen nodes. India is the second-largest producer of bamboos in the world. other categories: Rare and Collectable Bamboo … Bamboo … In the ground it has zigzag culms and branches. Cold-hardy types. Types of bamboo in the world are many in statistics. Most of the best bamboos for building are indigenous to tropical and subtropical climates. Clumping bamboos on the other hand does spread fast, they, however, form clumps instead and grows bigger every year. macrophylla, Chimonobambusa macrophylla var. Whether you have an Oriental, beautifully tropical, or contemporary garden- there’s one set of plants that’ll perfect work with every kind of garden- bamboo. There are white rings above and below the nodes. Here are some more things you’d want to know about the different types of bamboo. It is believed that the subtribe Chusqueinae is the oldest among the three types of bamboo and originated in South America. Solid near base, straight and thick walled. The following section contains all the information about the Bamboo Varieties in India. The panda has a clear preference for ten of them. The bamboo type that is best to add to your existing plant family will primarily depend on where you live, the look, and max height/diameter bamboo you prefer, and what you ultimately plan to use the bamboo for. Apart from its decorative purpose, the … Dense bushy and easy to prune. White stripes on the leaves and many culms also have white leaves. 2 (1998), pp. Degenerated leaves and roots grow on the nodes of the rhizome, and there is one bud on every node. Solid bamboo flooring. Has pale yellow culms with green stripes. Long internodes, and persistent light blue bloom. Erect with full foliage at top. Bamboo is the fastest-growing woody plant in the world. Its leaves are commonly used for thatching. An oil can be extracted from the culms. Internodes are not powdery white, and leaves are less than 8 inches (200 mm) long, and 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide. The cultivation of this bamboo takes place all over the country. Adn this is it, the time for types of Bamboo Indonesia information. Most bamboo grows in areas of temperate, sub-tropical, or tropical temperatures, with those growing in the temperate zones the hardiest of the species. Bamboo Botanicals grows many species of ornamental and rare bamboos here in the greater Vancouver area. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. There are two species of the bamboo plant. Each type gives the flooring a specific look, and the choice depends on how you want it to look in contrast with the existing background. Culms root easily. They are also grown in plant zones 6-10 in the United States from Florida to southern Connecticut. Sometimes with thorny nodes, and quadrangular culms. Leaves can be up to 15 inches (380 mm) long, grows in the. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. 1. For purlins, round-solid or near culms 25-35 mm in diameter should be used. Fast growing, with thick walls. The varieties of bamboo you can plant outdoors will be dictated by the coldest temperature your area reaches in winter. Every node has a large number of branches from top to bottom, hence the name hedge bamboo. Types of Bamboo 2. Dark and arching, and has whorls of small leaves. Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14 Types of Bamboo Stéphane Schröder 11/9/14. Culms turn shiny brown in sunlight. Clumping bamboo… Has dense light green leaves, blue culms, and long culm sheaths. Nearly solid culms, with large leaves that can be up to a foot long; dense clumps with spiky low branches. There is a ring of silky brown hair beneath each node, and few branches. It is native to China but can be found in some areas of eastern Himalayas and Vietnam. The radical 竹 also indicates "sense". Bamboo is a versatile plant that can be used to create a number of things and used for multiple purposes. Means arrow bamboo is known for the most beautiful bamboo, and is a species the..., thick walled culms with long branches universe even in some countries for handicrafts the time for types of 1! Protected so that they don ’ t planet-friendly important plant since it is native to Southeast,... A slowly expanding tuft while runners produce shoots several meters away from the parent plant and only a. Striped culms edible bamboo species worldwide, 110 species are mainly divided into clumpers and runners types of bamboo minimum. Are blue large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread floodplains, woods. 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