The Bilaspur Municipal Council has population of 13,654 of which 7,040 are males while 6,614 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Assam. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. During the first six five-year plans, most of the development expenditure in education sector was utilised in quantitative expansion, but after the seventh five-year-plan the state government switched emphasis on qualitative improvement and modernisation of education. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. 12,878,491. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Right from Hindu temples to Christian churches, from Sikh Gurudwaras to Buddhist monasteries, all these things define the religious side of the people of Himachal Pradesh. Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is in the lap of the Himalayas. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [57] Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. 2. The state shares a border to the east with the Tibet Autonomous Region in China. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [84] Some roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to snow and landslides. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. Bilaspur is a Municipal Council city in district of Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). 14 1.15 Residential Houses in Himachal Pradesh 2001 and 2011 Census. [33] The state bird of Himachal Pradesh is the Western tragopan, locally known as the jujurana. The total population growth in this decade was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.53 percent. They have some concentration in Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Kangra, Himachal Pradesh India as per Census 2011 Data. Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. The First Plan allocated ₹52.7 million to Himachal Pradesh. In parts of the state there are speakers of Tibeto-Burman languages like Kinnauri (1.2%), Tibetan (0.3%), Lahauli (0.16%), Pattani (0.12%), Bhoti Kinnauri, Chitkuli Kinnauri, Bunan (or Gahri), Jangshung, Kanashi, Shumcho, Spiti Bhoti, Sunam, Tinani, and Tukpa. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. Kala, C.P. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. The state is famous for its delightful temples and serene monasteries. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [101], Himachal Pradesh was one of the few states that had remained largely untouched by external customs, largely due to its difficult terrain. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. At the base of the Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh is a popular base camp region for trekking, climbing, and skiing amidst the rugged terrain of the tallest mountains in the world. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. Hamirpur district is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. [24][25], Himachal is also said to be the fruit bowl of the country,[26] with orchards being widespread. [59], Apple is the principal cash crop of the state grown principally in the districts of Shimla, Kinnaur, Kullu, Mandi, Chamba and some parts of Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti with an average annual production of five lakh tonnes and per hectare production of 8 to 10 tonnes. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. Himachal Pradesh has enacted a law that guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%. Governor Bandaru Datatrya has given an assent to the Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act of 2019 that was passed unanimously in the assembly on … [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. Incidentally, the Muslim STs of Himachal Pradesh are almost all Gujjars. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. Religion Total Male Female; Hindu: 64,732 (76.95%) 36,570: 28,162: Muslim: 448 (0.53%) 381: 67: Christian: 485 (0.58%) 345: 140: Sikh: 249 (0.3%) 210: 39: Buddhist: 18,086 (21.5%) 8,655: 9,431: Jain: 29 (0.03%) 18: 11: Other Religion: 45 (0.05%) 40: 5: No Religion Specified: 47 (0.06%) 30: 17 [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. The recruitment rally will also be held for the post of Junior Commissioned Officer (Religious Teacher) (JCO RT) and Havildar (Surveyor Automated Cartographer) (Hav SAC) for eligible candidates of all Himachal Pradesh, UT Chandigarh & Haryana (except dist of Gurgaon, Mewat, Palwal & Faridabad). Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Himachal Pradesh literally "Snow-laden Region" is a state in North India. 15 [65] The income generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the state. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. In 2001, the figure was 0.59 percent. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Hindu. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. (HPMC) is a state body that markets fresh and processed fruits. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. In brief tourism provides opportunity to escape people from their normal humdrtun lives. , is home to Asia 's only natural ice-skating rink India as per Pradesh... 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