2 Real platonic love is stronger and more meaningful than romantic or sexual love. One of the complications of platonic love lies within the persistence of the use of the title itself "platonic love" versus the use of "friend". [8], "Platonic love in its modern popular sense is an affectionate relationship into which the sexual element does not enter, especially in cases where one might easily assume otherwise. Such a form of love is impossible for a mortal to achieve. ", Rojcewicz, R. (1997). The love between friends is platonic love. Still more spiritual is the endeavour, in association with chosen minds, to enrich philosophy and science with noble discourses and thoughts. In the Middle Ages arose a new interest in Plato, his philosophy and his view of love. Platonic describes a relationship that is purely spiritual and not physical. "... what is good is beautiful, and what is beautiful is good ..."[6], The Ladder of Love is named as such because it relates each step toward Being itself as consecutive rungs of a ladder. Thus it resonates with the Icosahedron. Omissions? Rojcewicz, R. (1997). The main argument may be summarized thus: eros, desirous love in all its forms, is a reaching out of the soul to a good to which it aspires but does not yet possess. "[3], Diotima considers the carnal limitation of human beings to the pregnancy of the body to be a form of tragedy, as it separates someone from the pursuit of truth. attraction towards beautiful form or body but transcends gradually to love for Supreme Beauty. "(106)[3], In short, with genuine platonic love, the beautiful or lovely other person inspires the mind and the soul and directs one's attention to spiritual things. In this sense, it most often refers to a heterosexual relationship. The immediate object of the Symposium—which professes to record the discourses made in eulogy of Eros by a group of eminent speakers at a banquet in honour of the tragic poet Agathon—is to find the highest manifestation of the love which controls the world in the mystic aspiration after union with the eternal and supercosmic beauty. Watch Queue Queue. This concept of Divine Eros is later transformed into the term platonic love. Platonic definition, of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or his doctrines: the Platonic philosophy of ideal forms. It explains the possibilities of how the feeling of love began and how it has evolved—both sexually and non-sexually. It is named after Greek philosopher Plato, though the philosopher never used the term himself. The step of this ascent is known as the "Ladder of Love". The real meaning of love in a relationship is to willfully compromise your needs in order to accommodate your partner’s needs or desires. Virtue is the result of pregnancy of the soul. Platonic friendship specifically refers to friendship between two people who could, in theory, feel attracted to each other. The following signs will make it easier to identify a platonic love friendship. They refer to the special bond of affection between two men Plato had highlighted in a dialogue, and exemplified by the affection between Socrates and his young male pupils, in particular to the one between Socrates and Alcibiades. The term amor platonicus was coined as early as the 15th Century by the Florentine scholar Marsilio Ficino as a synonym for amor socraticus. [according to whom?] If a guy and a girl hang out all the time but aren't boyfriend and girlfriend, they'd describe their friendship as platonic. So, while it can certainly coexist with erotic love, it can also help both parties to it live more fulfilling lives even in the absence of romance. [3], What Plato describes as "pregnancy of the body" is entirely carnal and seeks pleasure and beauty in bodily form only. [3], "... virtue for the Greeks means self-sameness ... in Plato's terms, Being or idea. Platonic definition is - of, relating to, or characteristic of Plato or Platonism. If she describes the relationship as being platonic, most likely that's how she really views it. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Platonic-love. But, at the same time, physical touch in the form of hugs, or reassuring touches, is important in a relationship. The English term dates back to William Davenant's The Platonic Lovers (performed in 1635); a critique of the philosophy of platonic love which was popular at Charles I's court. [according to whom?]. In such love there can be no sort of tragedy.” ― Leo Tolstoy , ... And I don’t mean that in the boring average meaning of ‘friend’ where we stop talking regularly when we’re twenty-five because we’ve both met nice young men and gone off to have babies, and only get to meet up twice a year. [3], Diotima considers the idea of a mortal having direct access to Being to be a comic situation simply because of the impossibility of it. How to use platonic in a sentence. Corrections? Platonic love is understood as a distance love, based on fantasy and idealization , where the object of love is the perfect being, which possesses all good qualities and without defects. [3], The ladder starts with carnal attraction of body for body, progressing to a love for body and soul. Platonic love is a type of love that is chaste and non-sexual. It is the use of the word love that directs us towards a deeper relationship than the scope of a normal friendship. For a brief period, Platonic love was a fashionable subject at the English royal court, especially in the circle around Queen Henrietta Maria, the wife of King Charles I. Platonic love was the theme of some of the courtly masques performed in the Caroline era—though the fashion soon waned under pressures of social and political change. Secondly, a study by Hause and Messman[which?] Platonic love is impossible to materialize or realize: that remains as something idyllic, which can never be achieved. Duras and platonic love: The erotics of substitution. Some modern authors' perception of the terms "virtue" and "good" as they are translated into English from the Symposium are a good indicator of this misunderstanding. However, these days the term “platonic relationship” is usually … The desirous soul is not yet in fruition of the good. This is the type of love, that, according to Socrates, is practiced by animals. • Lovely platonic evenings, the odd kiss and fumble? platonic expression of inclination or liking. According to Plato, there are different stages of appreciation and love that a person must go through if he feels inclined to experience the ultimate and divine love, named ‘The Beautiful’. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. ", Herrmann, F. (2013). Platonic love or platonic relationship means a close relationship between two people that is not romantic. A feeling of familiarity with another. Both expressions signify a love focused on the beauty of a person's character and intelligence rather than on their physical charms. The term is named after the philosopher Plato, although the philosopher never used the term himself. Platonic love can be sturdy, unwavering, and unfazed. The term platonic love originally comes from philosopher Plato who described his notion of love in his famous text ‘The Symposium”. Miller, P. A. The centre of philosophical interest lies in the discourse of Socrates, which he professes to have learned from the priestess Diotima of Mantinea. A platonic relationship or emotion is loving but not sexual: 2. ", Miller, P. A. "[4] (180c, 8) – Plato's quoting of Phaedrus' eulogy on Eros. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. One would be forever limited to beauty of the body, never being able to access the true essence of beauty. "[9] "Platonic lovers function to underscore a supportive role where the friend sees her or his duty as the provision of advice, encouragement, and comfort to the other person ... and do not entail exclusivity."[10]. 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