Used to communicate with God, the Breastplate was originally worn by Aaron, elder brother of Moses. This was a beautiful representation of the fact that work and worship should be united together. “Lapis4936,” lapis lazuli egg, by Bob Richmond is licensed under CC By 2.0, Lapis lazuli has been used since ancient times and remains popular today. There is unfortunately no agreement on what the gems in the Breastplate actually were, but the most comprehensive studies suggest that they may have been (1st row) Carnelian, Peridot and Emerald, (2nd row) Garnet, Lapis Lazuli and Quartz, (3rd row) Yellow Zircon, Banded Agate and Amethyst, (4th row) Citrine, Onyx and Green Jasper. What Is Aquamarine - Gemstone Facts and Information, Gem Lingo - An A To Z of Common Jewelry Terms, How To Find Out Her Ring Size Without Her Knowing, Argyle Diamond Mine Closure: A Unique Online Event, What Is Topaz - Gemstone Facts and Information. He recorded differences in physical properties between gems, including differences in specific gravity, hardness and form, revealing that gemstones couldn’t only be classified by their color and opacity.   |   Affiliate Disclosure Exodus 28:15–30 describes Aaron’s high priestly breastplate, upon which 12 stones were used to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. In these cases, the name apparently refers to a deep yellow gem, possibly our zircon. See what’s inside…, • Discover the 17 practical steps to gemstone identification (even if you’re just getting started with gemology), • Learn how you can use specific tools to gather data, make observations & arrive at an accurate ID. Each of the stones had the name of a tribe of Israel engraved on it. New Jerusalem has walls of jasper. Create a new account. For example, one measure we are exploring is how our help team partners can answer your calls from their home. The first row was ruby, chrysolite, and beryl; the second row was turquoise, sapphire and emerald; the third row was jacinth, agate, and amethyst; the fourth row was topaz, onyx, and jasper. Learn how to get started with the International Gem Society’s guide to gemstone identification. The second focal point of the breastplate were the 12 gemstones of Exodus 28:17-21 that were on the front, which lay over the heart of the High Priest. There were 12 precious stones in the Hoshen, as mentioned in Book of Exodus: Ruby, Garnet, Citrine, Blue Topaz, Topaz, Sapphire, Peridot, Onyx, Emerald, Diamond, Amethyst, Aquamarine. “Aaron by Giovanni Maria Morlaiter” by Wolfgang Moroder is licensed under CC By-SA 3.0. Find out more. Exodus 28:15–30 describes Aaron’s high priestly breastplate, upon which 12 stones were used to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. Most famously, perhaps, is Amethyst’s supposed ability to protect from drunkenness. These gems were familiar to people in this region at that time. There’s a reason you don’t hear a lot about those Breastplate stones. The Breastplate was a religious garment set with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel. It was worn by the High Priest of Israelites, from Aaron to his sons. These are simulated stones, not real stones. around the world who are all stake-holders in the global gemstone community is an on-going concern. There's still some items in your basket! Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it. If you are happy for us to do so, please continue to use this site. Having seen what was signified by the twelve precious stones in the breast-plate of Aaron, we now come to explain the manner in … They are, in the 1st row, carnelian, chrysolite, and emerald; in the 2nd row, turquoise, sapphire, and amethyst; in the 3rd row, jacinth, agate, and crystal; in the 4th row, beryl, lapis lazuli, and jasper. Zircon is a natural, magnificent, and underrated gemstone that has been worn and treasured since ancient times.…, Although many gems show a cat’s eye effect, when the term “cat’s eye” is used alone, it always refers to the rare gemstone chrysoberyl.…, Mermaid sapphires are the rarest type of teal sapphires. Thus, … Please login to view your Split Pay options. Join our mailing list below to download a FREE gem ID checklist tutorial. Join our weekly newsletter & get a free copy of the Gem ID Checklist! Although jacinth or hyacinth is named as one of the gemstones of the breastplate of Aaron, its gemological identity is uncertain. And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. So in 1912, the American National Jewelers’ Association compiled a new birthstone list. However, it was not until as late as perhaps the 17th century that it was suggested that you should wear the gemstone attributed to your birth month year round. The Ephod was the apron and the Breastplate was the square metallic piece attached to the EPHOD and contained 12 precious and semi-precious stones arranged in rows and columns. In fact, it is only really since the work of Georgius Agricola (1494-1555) that gemstones have begun to be properly understood. Each stone square represented the 12 tribes of Israel. The breastplate contained 12 stones, each with the name of one of the 12 tribes written on it. So, this breastplate is of great interest to jewelry lovers. That is the makeup of the 12 stones and their frequency of word usage occurrence in the O.T. ‘Jacinth’ or ‘Hyacinth’ usually referred to Yellow Zircon. Six names were written on each of the stones, altogether naming the twelve tribes of Israel. Don't forget! Described in Exodus is the Breastplate of Aaron, a sacred object worn by the High Priest of the Israelites in order to communicate with God. Although birthstones have religious origins, modern day tradition dictates that the stones are assigned according to birth month. It is a unique linen garment that has four rows of three stones each of which represents a tribe of Israel. Clearly, this was confusing. They were mounted in gold filigree settings. It was worn by the High Priest of the Israelites. That is the makeup of the 12 stones and their frequency of word usage occurrence in the O.T. The breastplate is designed with the idea that the names of the twelve tribes engraved on the stones should be brought before God "as a continual memorial," and Aaron should "bear them upon his heart, when he goes into the most holy place." The pure blue colors and excellent durability of this gem-quality member of…, The modern August birthstone, peridot has been prized as a jewelry stone since ancient times. Blue is used in the English versions. Each stone square represented the 12 tribes of Israel. Learn all about these blue-green gems that could soon become popular engagement ring…, Teal sapphires feature blue and green colors in a beautiful combination. Nevertheless, the Septuagint, the Greek Old Testament, uses huakinthos for the Hebrew tekelet in all the descriptions of the Tabernacle furnishings. Next you can see that 4 stones are mentioned in the bible only 3 times, 2 stones are mentioned 4 times, 1 stone is mentioned 7 times and finally 2 stones are mentioned a total of 11 times. The breast-plate was covered by 12 stones. This priestly breastplate was sacred. Hebrew Bible. Wearing jewelry is ancient., and the most famous gems of the Bible are the Breast-plate of Aaron. Together, we can help protect our team in line with the latest advice from HM government. FREE © You shall make a breastplate of judgment, the work of a skillful workman; like the work of the ephod you shall make it: of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material and fine twisted linen you shall make it. Forming series with pyrope and spessartine garnets, these gems occur in the deep brownish…, How can gem cutters predict the color that gem rough will likely show when cut? In light of this, let’s wade our way through these murky waters and see how these stones have been identified. In Exodus 28:15-21, the breastplate of Aaron is described in great detail. Aaron's ceremonial breastplate held four rows of three stones each. and promotions, competitions and more! One other item which may be of interest. Up until that point, you would try and own all twelve and change them every month. Home » Learning Center » Gemology » Questions About Gems and Jewelry » What Were the Gemstones of the Breastplate of Aaron? ‘Chrysolite’ was any green gem, which could have been Peridot, Topaz, Zircon, Tourmaline or Apatite. Different lists were used, as there was no consensus on what the gems mentioned in the Bible actually were, and different countries had different traditions. A first-century Jewish historian made a connection between these 12 stones, the 12 months of the year, and the 12 signs of the Zodiac —although no such connection exists in the Bible. It is also known as the Priestly Breastplate, or the Breastplate of Judgement. Rather, it’s another term for what we now call peridot. The first row shall be Carnelian, Chrysolite and Beryl; the second row shall be Turquoise, Lapis Lazuli and Emerald; the third row shall be Jacinth, Agate and Amethyst; the fourth row shall be Topaz, Onyx and Jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings. The twelve stones in the breastplate correspond to the original twelve sons of Jacob, not to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, which were later adopted as sons, effectively doubling the inheritance for their father Joseph. 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